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A2 funding of GNERD and implementation of GERD in France between 1992 and 2012
1 Government and private non-profit sector (government, higher education and non-profit institutions).
2 Change of methodology in relation to the previous year.
3 Change of methodology in relation to 2003, 2004 results revised in June 2008.
4 The results for business enterprises were revised in July 2008.
5 Final figures, change of methodology: since 2006, business enterprises employing less than 1 full-time equivalent (FTE) researcher have been included in the results.
6 Final figures.
7 Data revised in accordance with the methodology used in 2010.
8 Change of methodology for government estimates, final figures: the resources devoted to R&D by ministries and certain dedicated state research institutions were assessed using a new method that made it possible to more effectively distinguish their funding activities. This resulted in the estimate for GOVERD being revised downward by around €1 billion (including €850 million for defence) and headcount by 6,000 FTE posts (including 3,500 in defence).
9 Semi-finalised figures.
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