Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

📄 Source:MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES.

 Coverage:Whole of France.

The tables and graphs come from the APB files at the closure of the 2016 applications campaign on the Post-Bac Admissions web portal.

A total of 762,600 candidates entering at least one preference were registered in the 2016 APB, including 585,700 pupils in the final year of secondary school sitting the baccalauréat. Of these, we have identified 533,600 successful baccalauréat candidates and this note relates exclusively to them.

The PACES (common first year of medical studies) are grouped with the university places.

Admissions Post-Bac (APB) centralises course choices in higher education. The application procedure concerns students in the final year of secondary school, first-year students under 26 who want to change course and some foreign students depending on their nationality, secondary school diploma and requested course. The candidates enter their preferences from the month of March, then rank them according to preference. A preference is characterised by a course in a specific institution. The 'normal' admission phases in the normal procedure take place between June and mid-July and are followed by an additional admission procedure which continues until early September. The university faculties, Advanced technician's sections (including agricultural), classes preparing for admission to Grandes Ecoles, engineering schools, business schools in some networks, some business schools and some architecture and art schools, and some CFA (Apprenticeship Training Centres) are some of the possibilities offered to students on the APB. By contrast, the IEP (Institute of Political Studies), Paris Dauphine, private courses and nursing schools are not offered on the APB (preparation for paramedical and social courses are offered, however). Since 2013, the IEP have adapted the timetable of their competitive examination to the APB timetable to enable students who fail to apply via the APB.

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08 course preferences and offers made on the post-Bac admission portal (APB)

In 2016, 533,600 candidates used the Post-Bac Admission portal (APB) to continue their studies. On average, they entered 7.6 preferences. 87% of candidates received an offer through the normal procedure, of which nearly two-thirds received their first or second preference.

The new baccalauréat holders entered 7.6 preferences on average. Candidates in the general series entered more preferences than those preparing a vocational baccalauréat (8.4 preferences on average against 5.0).

When the first preference entered by the new baccalauréat holders is considered (chart 08.01), over half the future general baccalauréat holders requested a first year at university (including a common first year for medical studies), 14% requested an IUT (university technology institute), 14% a CPGE (classes preparing for admission to Grande Ecoles) and 7% an STS (advanced technician’s section). Nearly half the future technological baccalauréat holder candidates requested an STS, 21% an IUT and 18% a first year at university. Finally, eight out of ten future vocational baccalauréat holders wishing to continue in higher education requested an STS, 10% a university and 4% an IUT.

The preferences differ according to the general baccalauréat sectors. Only 46% of candidates for the scientific baccalauréat wished to continue their studies at university and 5% at an STS, whereas 19% wished to enter CPGE and 13% an IUT. By contrast, seven future literary baccalauréat holders out of ten opted for university as first preference, but only 9% for a CPGE, 8% for an STS and 5% for an IUT. Baccalauréat holders following an economic and social path were more interested than literary candidates in enrolling in an IUT (20%) and an STS (10%) and 53% of them sought a university place.

At the end of the normal procedure, 87% of students in the final year of secondary school were offered a place, with 57% granted their first preference. This proportion rose by two points over the previous campaign and could relate to the introduction of grouped preferences for certain degree grades (the preferences group a set of universities in the same académie). More than nine out of ten general education candidates and more than eight out of ten technological candidates received an offer, compared with slightly more than six out of ten vocational candidates. (chart 08.02).

86% of candidates in the final year of secondary school requesting a first year at university were granted their first preference (+2 points). It was rarer to achieve the first preference in selective fields of education; only 41% of pupils requesting a DUT (+2 points), 40% of those requesting an STS (+3 points) and 37% requesting a CPGE obtained their first preference.

64% of general baccalauréat holders receiving an offer through the normal procedure obtained their first preference (chart 08.03), but this proportion drops to 35% when those seeking a place in CPGE are considered. Although one in two technological baccalauréat holders obtained their first preference, only 41% obtained their first preference for an IUT (+6 points over the 2015 campaign) and 45% for an STS (+3 points). Finally, only 38% of vocational baccalauréat holders obtained their first preference (+ two points), of which 35% requested an STS (+3 points) and 17% requested an IUT (-2 points).

29% of vocational baccalauréat holders with a "Pass" grade at baccalauréat received an offer from their first preference (table 08.04), but 65% who got a "Distinction" (56% for "Merit") in the baccalauréat obtained their number 1 preference. Similarly, 82% of technological baccalauréat holders with "Distinction" were granted their first preference (-4 points).

 Coverage:Whole of France.

How to cite this paper :

INAN Ceren. Course preferences and offers made on the post-Bac admission portal (APB). In: Higher education & research in France, facts and figures - 49 indicators [online]. KABLA-LANGLOIS Isabelle (dir.). Paris: Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, 2017. 10th ed. Chapter 08 [Accessed 07/19/2019]. ISBN 978-2-11-152033-2. https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/10EN/EESR10EN_ES_08-course_preferences_and_offers_made_on_the_post_bac_admission_portal_apb.php

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The tables and graphs come from the APB files at the closure of the 2016 applications campaign on the Post-Bac Admissions web portal.

A total of 762,600 candidates entering at least one preference were registered in the 2016 APB, including 585,700 pupils in the final year of secondary school sitting the baccalauréat. Of these, we have identified 533,600 successful baccalauréat candidates and this note relates exclusively to them.

The PACES (common first year of medical studies) are grouped with the university places.

Admissions Post-Bac (APB) centralises course choices in higher education. The application procedure concerns students in the final year of secondary school, first-year students under 26 who want to change course and some foreign students depending on their nationality, secondary school diploma and requested course. The candidates enter their preferences from the month of March, then rank them according to preference. A preference is characterised by a course in a specific institution. The 'normal' admission phases in the normal procedure take place between June and mid-July and are followed by an additional admission procedure which continues until early September. The university faculties, Advanced technician's sections (including agricultural), classes preparing for admission to Grandes Ecoles, engineering schools, business schools in some networks, some business schools and some architecture and art schools, and some CFA (Apprenticeship Training Centres) are some of the possibilities offered to students on the APB. By contrast, the IEP (Institute of Political Studies), Paris Dauphine, private courses and nursing schools are not offered on the APB (preparation for paramedical and social courses are offered, however). Since 2013, the IEP have adapted the timetable of their competitive examination to the APB timetable to enable students who fail to apply via the APB.

 

08.01 Course preference according to the type of Baccalaureate - 2016 Campaign (%)

General Bac
of which ES
of which L
of which S
Technological Bac
Vocational
All
  
Bachelor's degree (excluding grouped wishes)
of which grouped wishes (Bachelor's degree)
IUT
STS
CPGE
Other courses
 
 
 Coverage: Whole of France.

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<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/10EN/illustration-EESR10EN_ES_08-0-course_preference_according_to_the_type_of_baccalaureate_2016_campaign.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR10EN_ES_08-0" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

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08.02 Breakdown of offers according to the order of preference made and type of Baccalaureate - 2016 campaign (%)

General Bac
Technological Bac
Vocational Bac
All
  
Offer during normal procedure only
Offer during normal procedure and additional procedure
Offer during additional procedure but not during normal procedure
No offer during either normal or additional procedure 1
 
 

1 including successful baccalauréat candidates who, having withdrawn from APB, have not returned during the additional procedure.

 Coverage: Whole of France.

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<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/10EN/illustration-EESR10EN_ES_08-1-breakdown_of_offers_according_to_the_order_of_preference_made_and_type_of_baccalaureate_2016_campaign.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR10EN_ES_08-1" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

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08.03 Distribution of offers in corresponding order of preference entered and type of baccalauréat - 2016 Campaign (%)

Preference 1
Preference 2
Preference 3
Preference 4
Preference 5
Preference 6 and subsequent
No offer or voluntary withdrawal
  
General Bac
Technological Bac
Vocational Bac
 
 

64% of pupils in general final year of secondary school who received an offer under normal procedure received an offer for their first preference.

 Coverage: Whole of France.

You can embed this chart to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/10EN/illustration-EESR10EN_ES_08-2-distribution_of_offers_in_corresponding_order_of_preference_entered_and_type_of_baccalaureat_2016_campaign.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR10EN_ES_08-2" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

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08.04 Proportion of candidates in the final year of secondary school who received an offer for their first preference, following the normal procedure - 2016 campaign (%)

 
Grade in Baccalaureate
Pass Satisfactory Merit Distinction
General Bac 61.5 66.7 65.5 63.5
S series 61.1 65.4 63.1 62.5
ES series 57.2 64.6 66.3 62.9
L series 71.2 74.9 74.1 71.5
Technological Bac 40.5 57.0 71.0 81.9
Vocational Bac 28.6 41.2 55.7 64.5
Total 50.1 58.9 64.9 64.6
 

40,5 % of technological Bac candidates who obtained a "Pass" grade received an offer from their first choice. This was the case for 81.9 % of technological Bac candidates who received a "Distinction" in the Baccalaureate.

 Coverage: Whole of France.

You can embed this table to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

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Related statistical publications

 Note flash - Enseignement supérieur & Recherche 17 - APB 2016 - Ceren Inan - November 2016
Cette note de synthèse présente un ensemble d’indicateurs relatifs aux propositions d’admission dans l'enseignement supérieur pour la rentrée de l’année 2016-2017. Elle est accompagnée de la publication d’indicateurs complémentaires ou plus détaillés (par filière, mention au bac ou académie).
 Note flash - Enseignement supérieur & Recherche 08 - Course choices in higher education: preferences submitted for the 2016-2017 academic year - Ceren Inan - June 2016
This summary note presents a range of indicators concerning higher education course choices for the academic year 2016-17. It is accompanied by publication of these indicators, broken down in more detail or cross-matched by gender, local education academy, baccalauréat series and, where appropriate, subject reference.

Students preparing for the baccalauréat and enrolled on the Post-Bac Admission Portal (APB) for the 2016 session submitted an average of 7.6 preferences.

38.2% of candidates requested a Bachelor's degree programme as first choice. In several of the requested Bachelor's degree preferences, the number of women reached extreme proportions (91.4% in Linguistics, 10.3% in Computer Science). For literary series candidates, the proportion of women exceeded 70%. Nearly one student in five in the final year of secondary school taking the scientific series (17.9%) requested classes preparing for admission to Grandes Ecoles (CPGE) as first choice.

Students preparing for a vocational baccalauréat (80.5%), but also to a lesser extent technological series candidates (49.4%), put Advanced technician's sections (STS) as first choice. The subsequent choices were often the same as the course chosen in first place.

Other editions

Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 9th edition - November 2016
08 - course preferences and offers made on the Post-Bac Admission portal (APB) - Diane Marlat
In 2014-15, 739,600 candidates used the Post-Bac Admission portal (ABP) to continue their studies, including 78% of students in the final year of secondary school ("Terminale"). On average, they entered 6.5 preferences. 83% of candidates received an offer through the normal procedure, of which nearly two-thirds received their first or second preference [Consult the following page]

Translation

 Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheL'état de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche en France n°10 - Avril 2017
08 - vœux d’orientation et propositions exprimés sur le portail Admission post-Bac (APB) - Ceren Inan
En 2016, 533 600 nouveaux bacheliers sont passés par le portail Admission post-Bac (APB) pour leur poursuite d’études. En moyenne, ils ont formulé 7,6 vœux. 87 % des candidats ont eu une proposition en procédure normale dont plus des deux tiers dans leur premier ou deuxième vœu [Consult the following page in french]


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