Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

📄 Source:MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES.

 Coverage:Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

As a student can enrol for more than one course, the data given here (as for chapter 09) do not relate to individuals, but to enrolments of new baccalauréat holders in higher education (only main enrolments for the university). The practice of multiple enrolments, which is particularly common in the Bachelor's degree programme, with enrolments in the university and the CPGE, mainly concerns general baccalauréat holders, especially those in the scientific series.

University: this includes students in University Centres for Education and Research (Centre universitaire de formation et de recherche - CUFR) and those in the University of Lorraine (which became a major institution in 2011) where for the most part the courses offered resemble university courses (see table 10.01).

Quick access

Share


 
 
 
 

For a better experience of this site, take the time to update your browser.
 

10 profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education

This page has been updated. Read 11. profil of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education in Higher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017

At the start of the 2013-2014 academic year, students holding a general baccalauréat represented 79.2% of new baccalauréat holders enrolled at university. The proportion entering IUTs had grown by 3.5 points since 2004 and reached 67.5% in 2013, but was in decline compared with 2012. STSs still recruit mainly technological baccalauréat holders, but the proportion is decreasing as numbers of vocational baccalauréat holders increase.

The vast majority of new students entering higher education hold the general baccalauréat, except in the Advanced technician's sections (Section de technicien supérieur - STS). They represent 95% of new students entering Classes preparing for admission to Grandes Ecoles (Classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles - CPGE). After falling back between 1995 and 2000, the share of general baccalauréat holders among new students entering university saw a slight upturn and reached 79.2% in 2013 (table 10.01).

In STS, it is technological baccalauréat holders who are most numerous among the new entrants (42%). However, this share has decreased regularly in recent years, and this decline continued at the start of the 2013-2014 year (-3.2 points compared with 2012). Conversely, the share of vocational baccalauréat holders increased 2.7 points compared with 2012. This share more than doubled between 2004 (14.6%) and 2012 (35.2%). In 2013, the long-term trend of increasing numbers of technological baccalauréat holders in technological university institutes (Institut universitaire de technologie - IUT) and vocational baccalauréat holders in STS was reinforced by the introduction of preferential student guidance.

In the 'other courses' (engineering schools independent from universities, business schools, paramedical and social care courses, etc.), general baccalauréat holders are still very much in the majority (83% of new entrants).

At university, the profile of new baccalauréat holders varies according to the branch in which they enrol. Scientific baccalauréat holders are concentrated in the "production" specialities at the IUT, in Sciences, Physical education and sports science and techniques (Sciences et techniques des activités physiques et sportives - STAPS) and in healthcare courses where they make up virtually all of those enrolled. The other general baccalauréat holders go into the Arts, Humanities, Law, Economics, Economic and Social Administration, and

'services' specialities at the IUT. 30% of new baccalauréat holders who enrol in IUTs have the technological baccalauréat, mainly in management sciences and technology (Sciences et technologies du management et de la gestion - STMG) in the 'services' specialities and Industry and sustainable development science and technology (Sciences et technologies de l'industrie et du développement durable - STI2D) for the 'production' specialities (chart 10.02). More than 13,700 vocational baccalauréat holders enrol at university, mainly in the Law, Economics, Economic and Social Administration study track or the Humanities, Human Sciences, Arts study track, and they represent 7.9% and 8.5% of enrolments respectively in these two tracks.

Access to higher education is still very closely linked with social background. Among the 2013 baccalauréat holders who enrolled in higher education straight away, young people from the most advantaged social categories were overrepresented. 27.6% had parents who were senior managers, teachers or freelance workers in their profession, compared with 23% for all baccalauréat holders combined. In 2013, as in 2004, there were proportionally twice as many children of managers as children of workers in the main higher education study tracks (table 10.03).

The share of new baccalauréat holders from the most advantaged social categories differs considerably from one study track to another. It is highest in CPGEs and the healthcare disciplines, where the proportions of children of senior managers, teachers and the professions stand at 48.4% and 39.3% respectively. In contrast, the short technological study tracks, IUTs and especially STSs, receive more children of workers and employees. They represent 32.3% of new enrolments in IUTs and 40.4% in STSs, compared with fewer than 16.6% in CPGE.

&

 Coverage:Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

How to cite this paper :

FAUVET Laurent, PÉAN Sylvaine. Profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education. In: Higher education & research in France, facts and figures - 49 indicators [online]. KABLA-LANGLOIS Isabelle (dir.). Paris: Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, 2015. 8th ed. Chapter 10, 30-31 [Accessed 05/24/2019]. ISBN 978-2-11-139433-9. https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/EESR8EN_ES_10-profile_of_new_baccalaureat_holders_entering_the_main_branches_of_higher_education-ILL_03.php

close

Cite :   Share:          

As a student can enrol for more than one course, the data given here (as for chapter 09) do not relate to individuals, but to enrolments of new baccalauréat holders in higher education (only main enrolments for the university). The practice of multiple enrolments, which is particularly common in the Bachelor's degree programme, with enrolments in the university and the CPGE, mainly concerns general baccalauréat holders, especially those in the scientific series.

University: this includes students in University Centres for Education and Research (Centre universitaire de formation et de recherche - CUFR) and those in the University of Lorraine (which became a major institution in 2011) where for the most part the courses offered resemble university courses (see table 10.01).

 

Key figures


Share of general baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled at the university
79.2%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1059-share_of_general_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_at_the_university.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of technological baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled at the university
15.3%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1060-share_of_technological_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_at_the_university.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of vocational baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled at the university
5.5%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1061-share_of_vocational_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_at_the_university.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of general baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled in Technological university institutes (IUT)
67.5%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1062-share_of_general_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_in_technological_university_institutes_iut.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
  See more key figures  
Share of technological baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled in Technological university institutes (IUT)
29.9%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1063-share_of_technological_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_in_technological_university_institutes_iut.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of vocational baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled in Technological university institutes (IUT)
2.6%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1064-share_of_vocational_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_in_technological_university_institutes_iut.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of general baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled in classes preparing for admission to Grandes Écoles (CPGE)
94.7%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1065-share_of_general_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_in_classes_preparing_for_admission_to_grandes_ecoles_cpge.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of technological baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled in classes preparing for admission to Grandes Écoles (CPGE)
5.3%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1066-share_of_technological_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_in_classes_preparing_for_admission_to_grandes_ecoles_cpge.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
  See more key figures  
Share of vocational baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled in classes preparing for admission to Grandes Écoles (CPGE)
0%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1067-share_of_vocational_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_in_classes_preparing_for_admission_to_grandes_ecoles_cpge.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of general baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled in Advanced technician's sections (STS)
22.9%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1068-share_of_general_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_in_advanced_technician_s_sections_sts.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of technological baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled in Advanced technician's sections (STS)
41.9%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1069-share_of_technological_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_in_advanced_technician_s_sections_sts.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of vocational baccalauréat holders among newly qualified baccalauréat holders enrolled in Advanced technician's sections (STS)
35.2%
 
2013
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1070-share_of_vocational_baccalaureat_holders_among_newly_qualified_baccalaureat_holders_enrolled_in_advanced_technician_s_sections_sts.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "10. profile of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES

10.01 Educational origin of new baccalauréat holders studying in higher education (%)

 
University of which IUT CPGE STS Other courses 2 Reminder - Distribution of students by series
2004 2013 1 2004 2013 2004 2013 2004 2013 2004 2013 2004 2013
ES Bac 24.5 24.6 21.4 24.9 12.7 14.9 7.9 9.6 25.1 27.6 16.4 16.6
L Bac 16.0 14.1 2.0 2.3 9.9 9.5 4.6 4.6 12.6 10.0 9.9 8.5
S Bac 39.8 40.5 41.2 40.3 73.2 70.3 8.2 8.8 41.1 45.1 26.1 26.7
General Bac 80.3 79.2 64.6 67.5 95.9 94.7 20.8 22.9 78.8 82.7 52.4 51.8
STI2D Bac [3] 4.0 3.6 14.9 13.1 2.1 2.4 21.8 10.2 2.4 3.1 7.3 4.2
STMG Bac [3] 10.0 8.0 16.2 13.6 1.6 2.5 33.3 22.2 6.8 6.0 14.9 10.4
Other techno. Bac 2.9 3.7 2.7 3.2 0.4 0.5 9.5 9.4 10.3 6.0 6.5 6.6
Technological Bac 16.9 15.3 33.8 29.9 4.1 5.3 64.6 41.9 19.5 15.1 28.7 21.2
Vocational Bac 2.8 5.5 1.6 2.6 0.0 0.0 14.6 35.2 1.7 2.2 18.9 27.0
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
 

1 Students at the University of Lorraine, which has become a major institution, are included with university students.
2 'Other courses' correspond to engineering schools and engineering training in non-university partnerships, higher education institutions not attached to universities (business, management, sales, accounting, notaries, architecture, various specialities), schools of arts and culture, private faculties, paramedical schools (2012-13 data) and social care training (2012-13 data), accounting and management diplomas (Diplôme de comptabilité et de gestion - DCG, formerly DPECF), classes preparing for admission to higher education (Classes préparatoires aux études supérieures - CPES) which recruit baccalauréat holders.

 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

You can embed this table to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/illustration-EESR8EN_ES_10-0-educational_origin_of_new_baccalaureat_holders_studying_in_higher_education.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR8EN_ES_10-0" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

close

Download:     Embed: <\>   Share:            

10.02 Educational origin of new baccalauréat holders in 2013 enrolled to study at university (%)

Law, economics, Economic and social admin.
Arts, Humanities
Sciences, STAPS
Healthcare
IUT production
IUT services
University 1
  
S bac
Other general bacs
STMG bac
Other technological bacs
Vocational bac
 
 

1 71 universities, the University of Lorraine and the two University centres for education and research (Centre universitaires de formation et de recherche - CUFR) in Albi and Mayotte.

 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

You can embed this chart to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/illustration-EESR8EN_ES_10-1-educational_origin_of_new_baccalaureat_holders_in_2013_enrolled_to_study_at_university.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR8EN_ES_10-1" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

close

Download:     Embed: <\>   Share:            

10.03 Social background of new baccalauréat holders enrolling in the main higher education subject areas in 2004-2013 (%) 1

 
University 2 CPGE 3 STS 3 Main higher ed. study areas
Law, Economics, Humanities, Sciences and STAPS Healthcare IUT Total
2004 2013 2004 2013 2004 2013 2004 2013 2004 2013 2004 2013 2004 2013
Farmers, craftsmen, tradesmen, managers of businesses 9.2 9.9 9.1 10.7 11.5 11.8 9.6 10.4 9.7 10.4 11.0 10.4 10.0 10.4
Professions, managers, teachers 29.4 27.9 44.4 39.3 26.0 27.3 30.4 29.5 51.6 48.4 13.6 13.2 28.7 27.3
Intermediate professions 16.2 14.1 16.1 14.3 19.6 17.3 16.8 14.7 14.3 12.3 16.1 12.5 16.4 13.9
Employees 16.3 16.6 11.7 14.0 16.7 16.6 15.9 16.2 8.4 10.1 17.3 16.1 15.5 15.5
Workers 13.5 13.9 9.6 11.1 16.2 15.7 13.6 13.8 5.1 6.5 23.2 21.9 14.9 15.1
retired, inactive 9.8 11.7 6.1 8.0 7.1 7.7 8.9 10.5 6.7 5.9 13.5 11.1 9.8 10.1
Not specified 5.5 5.8 3.1 2.5 2.9 3.7 4.7 4.9 4.3 6.4 5.3 14.8 4.8 7.6
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
 

1 Information available for CPGEs and STSs under the responsibility of the MENESR, i.e. all pupils in the public sector (in 2004 and 2013), 72.6% (in 2004) and 100% (in 2013) of pupils in private STSs, 92.8% (in 2004) and 100% (in 2013) of pupils in private CPGEs.
2 Students at the University of Lorraine, which became a major institution in 2011, are included in numbers of university students in 2013.
3 excluding Ministry of Agriculture, Agrifood, and Forestry (Ministère de l’agriculture, de l’agroalimentaire et de la forêt - MAAF).

 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

You can embed this table to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/illustration-EESR8EN_ES_10-2-social_background_of_new_baccalaureat_holders_enrolling_in_the_main_higher_education_subject_areas_in_2004_2013_1.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR8EN_ES_10-2" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

close

Download:     Embed: <\>   Share:            

Other editions

Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017
11 - profil of new baccalauréat holders entering the main branches of higher education - Aline Pauron
In 2015, general baccalauréat holders represented 79.7% of new baccalauréat holders enrolled in . This rate dropped to 78.1% when dual CPGE enrolments were excluded. 43% of new entrants to short STS courses were technological baccalauréat holders and 35% were vocational baccalauréat holders [Consult the following page]
Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 9th edition - November 2016
11 - profile of new Baccalaureat holders entering the main branches of higher education - Laurent Fauvet
In 2014, general Baccalaureate holders represented 65.3% of new Baccalaureate holders enrolled in higher education. This rate is slightly down (-2 points) compared to the level recorded in 2005. Vocational Baccalaureate holders now represent 13% of new Baccalaureate holders enrolled in higher education. This proportion has increased by 8 points since 2005, whereas the proportion of new technological Baccalaureate holders has fallen by 6 points [Consult the following page]

Translation

 Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheL'état de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche en France n°8 - juin 2015
10 - le profil des nouveaux bacheliers entrant dans les principales filières du supérieur - Laurent Fauvet & Sylvaine Péan
À la rentrée 2013, les bacheliers généraux représentent 79,2 % des nouveaux bacheliers inscrits en université. Leur part dans les entrants en IUT a crû de 3,5 points depuis 2004 et atteint 67,5 % en 2013, mais elle régresse par rapport à 2012. Les STS recrutent encore principalement des bacheliers technologiques, mais leur part diminue à mesure que celle des bacheliers professionnels augmente [Consult the following page in french]


Quick access

Share