Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

Since 1984, the Framework Programme has been the European Union's tool for supporting investment in R&D. It is implemented mainly through collaborative and transnational projects, selected by independent expert assessors on the basis of open calls for proposals. FP7 began in 2007, it had a total budget of €53.2bn and ended in 2013; an overall appraisal can now be made.

In addition to the contributions in €M or €bn paid or granted by the EU to research teams from the different countries participating in the FP, two other factors are analysed:

-Participation: for each research team from a country which forms part of a research consortium, one unit is added to the country's account.

-Coordination: for each research team from a country taking responsibility for coordinating a consortium, one unit is added to the country's account.

The success rate for FP7 calls for proposals is the ratio between the number of selected projects involving at least one team from a country and the total number of projects involving at least one team from the same country that were submitted in response to FP7 calls for proposals.

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45 France's position in the 7th RTD Framework Programme (FP7)

This page has been updated. Read 45. France in the european research area via its participation in H2020 in Higher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017

By receiving 11.5% of the contributions allocated by the European Union through FP7, France is the third-biggest beneficiary after Germany and the United Kingdom. Nuclear research, space and aeronautics are France's highest performing areas. However, its position is being eroded, especially due to the weak engagement of French researchers.

In the course of the European Union FP7 from 2007 to 2013, French participants received €5.1bn or around 11.5% of all this programme's funding. France is therefore in third place among the recipient countries, behind Germany (15.9% of funding) and the United Kingdom (15.5%) (chart 45.01).

In the field of Nuclear research, France was in first place, participating in 15.4% of research groups and receiving 23.3% of funding (chart 45.02a and chart 45.02b). France was also the leader in the Space sector (12.3% of participations and 22.5% of funding) and in second position behind Germany in Transport (including Aeronautics) (13.3% of participations and 15% of funding). In these 3 sectors, France has industries that are among the world leaders. However, the country is less well represented in programmes linked with Agrifood (about 8% of funding and participations), Energy (8% of participations and 9.3% of funding) and the Environment (7.3% and 7.7%), even though its academic teams hold a strong position in Europe in terms of publications, and its industry is also highly regarded.

In addition, in 2012 15.4% of R&D personnel in the EU was concentrated in France, and the country accounted for 17.3% of R&D expenditure. As second net contributor to the European Union budget, France's contribution is 17%. Thus by receiving only 11.3% of contributions for research projects in which French teams were participating, France's position in FP7 seems to be falling back regarding both national research and innovation potential and the country's contribution to the European budget.

Throughout the framework programmes, France's position has declined. French teams were recipients of 13.5% of the funds granted during FP5 (1999-2002), 13% in FP6 (2002-2006) and only 11.5% in FP7 (2007-2013) (chart 45.03a and chart 45.03b). 2013 was the year that marked a low point, receiving only 10.1% of grants awarded. Also, the French coordination rate, which slumped from 11.8% in 2007 to 9.1% in 2013, was both a symptom of the problem and also gradually became an aggravating factor for the French position by contributing to a decrease in the visibility of French participants as they gradually became less associated with FP projects carried out.

The successive enlargements of the European Union cannot account for France's decline. The share of grants taken by the 10 main recipient countries in FP7 has remained roughly the same since FP5 (about 80%).

French teams respond less frequently to FP calls for proposals compared to their German or British counterparts (chart 45.04). France accounts for 8% of total requests for research support, against 13% for the United Kingdom and Germany. The high success rate of projects involving French contributors (25.2% for France compared with 21.8% on average for all participating countries) does not compensate for this shortfall in applications.

In addition, the dynamic nature of national proposals of funding for projects (French National Research Agency (Agence nationale de la recherche - ANR), Investments for the Future Programme, Single Inter-ministerial Fund), especially since 2011, may have distanced French researchers from European projects.

Despite this worsening position, France is represented in 30% of FP7 projects. Germany and France have a special partnership. Throughout the framework programmes, France and Germany have been associated in 4,037 projects or 71.5% of all projects involving a French partner (chart 45.05).

&

How to cite this paper :

FRIANT Zoé, LAURENT Frédéric. France's position in the 7th RTD Framework Programme (FP7). In: Higher education & research in France, facts and figures - 49 indicators [online]. KABLA-LANGLOIS Isabelle (dir.). Paris: Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, 2015. 8th ed. Chapter 45, 100-101 [Accessed 04/21/2019]. ISBN 978-2-11-139433-9. https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/EESR8EN_R_45-france_s_position_in_the_7th_rtd_framework_programme_fp7-ILL_03b.php

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Since 1984, the Framework Programme has been the European Union's tool for supporting investment in R&D. It is implemented mainly through collaborative and transnational projects, selected by independent expert assessors on the basis of open calls for proposals. FP7 began in 2007, it had a total budget of €53.2bn and ended in 2013; an overall appraisal can now be made.

In addition to the contributions in €M or €bn paid or granted by the EU to research teams from the different countries participating in the FP, two other factors are analysed:

-Participation: for each research team from a country which forms part of a research consortium, one unit is added to the country's account.

-Coordination: for each research team from a country taking responsibility for coordinating a consortium, one unit is added to the country's account.

The success rate for FP7 calls for proposals is the ratio between the number of selected projects involving at least one team from a country and the total number of projects involving at least one team from the same country that were submitted in response to FP7 calls for proposals.

 

Key figures


Amount of contributions allocated to French teams via the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Development (FP7)
5,144 M
 
2014
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France's position in the 7th RTD Framework Programme (FP7)".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - FP7 projects and participants database (October 2014, European Commission)
Share of contributions allocated to French teams via the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Development (FP7)
11.5%
 
2014
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France's position in the 7th RTD Framework Programme (FP7)".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - FP7 projects and participants database (October 2014, European Commission)
Share of French participation in FP7
9.4%
 
2014
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France's position in the 7th RTD Framework Programme (FP7)".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - FP7 projects and participants database (October 2014, European Commission)
Success rate (participation) of projects involving French teams
25.2%
 
2014
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France's position in the 7th RTD Framework Programme (FP7)".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - FP7 projects and participants database (October 2014, European Commission)
  See more key figures  
Success rate (contribution) of projects involving French teams
24.7%
 
2014
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France's position in the 7th RTD Framework Programme (FP7)".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - FP7 projects and participants database (October 2014, European Commission)
Success rate (coordination) of projects involving French teams
21.8%
 
2014
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France's position in the 7th RTD Framework Programme (FP7)".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - FP7 projects and participants database (October 2014, European Commission)

45.01 Main beneficiary countries of the FP7 (in €M) 1

DE
 
FR
NL
CH
SE
DK
FI
NO
PT
HU
TR
 
RO
 
GB
IT
ES
BE
AT
GR
IL
IE
PL
CZ
SI
 
 
 

1 The 23 countries shown received 97% of contributions granted through FP7.

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45.02a Germany, the United Kingdom and France - share of participation by programme (%) 1


Germany
France
United Kingdom
 
 

1 Excluding general activities.

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45.02b Germany, the United Kingdom and France - share of contributions by programme (%) 1


Germany
France
United Kingdom
 
 

1 Excluding general activities.

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45.03a Share of financial contribution received for Germany, the United Kingdom and France in FP5, FP6 and FP7 (%)

  
Germany
France
United Kingdom
 
 

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45.03b Share of financial contribution received for Germany, the United Kingdom and France between 2007 and 2013 in FP7 (%)

  
Germany
France
United Kingdom
 
 

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45.04 General profile of participation in FP7 by Germany, the United Kingdom and France


Germany
United Kingdom
France
 
 

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45.05 France's main partner countries in FP7 (% of projects involving a French partner)

CH
 
BE
ES
GB
 
 
SE
NL
IT
 
DE
 
 

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Other editions

Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017
45 - France in the european research area via its participation in H2020 - Zoé Friant & Frédéric Laurent
Between January 2014 and September 2016, France has received €2.1bn for its participation in the Horizon 2020 European Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. With 10.6% of subsidies allocated, France is the 3rd largest beneficiary of European allocations for research [Consult the following page]
Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 9th edition - November 2016
46 - France in the European Research Area via its participation in H2020 - Zoé Friant & Frédéric Laurent
In 18 months, France has received €1.2bn for its participation in the Horizon 2020 European Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. With 11.1% of subsidies allocated, France is the 3rd largest beneficiary of European allocations for research. Its participation appears to have consolidated in comparison to its performances during the last year of the previous programme [Consult the following page]

Translation

 Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheL'état de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche en France n°8 - juin 2015
45 - la place de la France dans le 7e PCRDT - Zoé Friant & Frédéric Laurent
Avec 11, 5 % des contributions allouées par l’Union européenne dans le cadre du 7e PCRDT, la France est le troisième pays bénéficiaire derrière l’Allemagne et le Royaume-Uni. Le nucléaire, l’espace et l’aéronautique constituent ses domaines de prédilection. Mais ses positions s'érodent notamment en raison de la trop faible mobilisation des acteurs français [Consult the following page in french]


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