Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

H2020 is the European Union's tool for supporting investment in R&D. It includes the former RDT framework programme, the European Institute of Innovation and Technology and the innovation actions of the CIP programme. It is built around 3 main 'Pillars': 'Excellent Science' which focuses on fundamental research, 'Industrial leadership' and 'Societal challenges', which is more focused on applied research. It is implemented mainly through collaborative and European projects, but it is now possible for innovative SMEs to obtain individual funding.

The analysis of national participations in H2020 is conducted using the following indicators:

Participation: for each research team from a country which forms part of a research consortium, one unit is added to the country's account.

Projects: If at least one research team is present in the project, one unit is added to the country's account.

Success rate of H2020 calls for proposals is the ratio between the number of selected projects involving at least one team from a country and the total number of projects involving at least one team from the same country that were submitted in response to FP7 calls for proposal.

Country return rate is the ratio between the proportion of funding received and the share of contribution to the EU budget.

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45 France in the european research area via its participation in H2020

Between January 2014 and September 2016, France has received €2.1bn for its participation in the Horizon 2020 European Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. With 10.6% of subsidies allocated, France is the 3rd largest beneficiary of European allocations for research.

For the period 2014-2020, the European Union has planned to allocate around €77 billion to research, development and innovation, almost 1.5 times the budget allocated 'Previous exercice. By the end of 2016 the Commission has committed almost 25% of this budget.

Since January 2014, French teams have responded to 246 calls for projects out of 271 and achieved a success rate of 17.4%, ie 2.6 points more than the average success rate. In terms of success, it is ahead of the United Kingdom and Germany (respectively 15.5% and 16.3%) (chart 45.01).

With € 2.1 billion, or 10.6% of allocated funding, France holds its third place in the beneficiary countries behind Germany (16%) and the United Kingdom (15.2%) (chart 45.01). However, this proportion has been declining steadily since FP5, for which it was 13.5% (chart 45.02). The share of funding allocated to Germany or the United Kingdom also fell over the same period, albeit at a slower pace.

Despite a slowdown in French participation in space, France remains the main beneficiary of funding allocated in this area (20.8% of grants for 15% of participations) (chart 45.03a, chart 45.03b). Indeed, it is actively involved in the development of innovative applications for the deployment of Galileo, the European satellite positioning system whose first services have been operational since December 2016.

French research teams have also increased their involvement in the field of transport, in particular in the aviation sector and safety in transport. This effort translates into increased funding of 1.5 points compared to 2015 (14.1% of grants).

Germany is still the preferred partner of France (chart 45.04). The German teams are present in seven projects out of ten involving at least one French team. Franco-German cooperation is still very strong in nanotechnologies and biotechnologies (nearly 83% of French projects involving at least one German team), notably for the large-scale development and the placing on the market of sustainable and environmentally friendly nanomaterials. Partly for the packaging, transport and construction sectors.

This cooperation has also been strengthened in information and communication technologies (74.3% of projects), notably for the development of 5th generation telecommunications infrastructures in order to anticipate and support an increase in fixed Internet traffic And especially mobile, which will be 1,000 times larger by 2020.

Recently, in the field of security, partnerships between Germany, Belgium, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom and France have grown to fight terrorism and develop new methods of detection and Analysis of terrorism-related content on the Internet.

This year, the French position remains worrying not only in terms of return rates (table 45.05) but also in terms of participation through its national teams. With only 9.0% of participations, it ranks 5th behind Italy (9.5%).

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How to cite this paper :

FRIANT Zoé, LAURENT Frédéric. France in the european research area via its participation in H2020. In: Higher education & research in France, facts and figures - 49 indicators [online]. KABLA-LANGLOIS Isabelle (dir.). Paris: Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, 2017. 10th ed. Chapter 45 [Accessed 06/19/2019]. ISBN 978-2-11-152033-2. https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/10EN/EESR10EN_R_45-france_in_the_european_research_area_via_its_participation_in_h2020.php

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H2020 is the European Union's tool for supporting investment in R&D. It includes the former RDT framework programme, the European Institute of Innovation and Technology and the innovation actions of the CIP programme. It is built around 3 main 'Pillars': 'Excellent Science' which focuses on fundamental research, 'Industrial leadership' and 'Societal challenges', which is more focused on applied research. It is implemented mainly through collaborative and European projects, but it is now possible for innovative SMEs to obtain individual funding.

The analysis of national participations in H2020 is conducted using the following indicators:

Participation: for each research team from a country which forms part of a research consortium, one unit is added to the country's account.

Projects: If at least one research team is present in the project, one unit is added to the country's account.

Success rate of H2020 calls for proposals is the ratio between the number of selected projects involving at least one team from a country and the total number of projects involving at least one team from the same country that were submitted in response to FP7 calls for proposal.

Country return rate is the ratio between the proportion of funding received and the share of contribution to the EU budget.

 

Key figures


Success rate (participation) of H2020 projects involving French teams
17.4%
 
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France in the european research area via its participation in H2020".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - H2020 projects and participants database (October 2015, European Commission)
Success rate (contribution) of H2020 projects involving French teams
14.8%
 
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France in the european research area via its participation in H2020".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - H2020 projects and participants database (October 2015, European Commission)
Share of French participation in H2020
9.0%
 
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France in the european research area via its participation in H2020".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - H2020 projects and participants database (October 2015, European Commission)
Share of contributions allocated to French teams via H2020
10.6%
 
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France in the european research area via its participation in H2020".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - H2020 projects and participants database (October 2015, European Commission)
  See one more key figure  
Amount of contributions allocated to French teams via H2020
1,1 bn
 
 
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Extract from the chapter "45. France in the european research area via its participation in H2020".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, special tabulations of E-Corda - H2020 projects and participants database (October 2015, European Commission)

45.01 General profile of H2020 participation by Germany, the United Kingdom and France 1


Germany
France
United Kingdom
 
 

1 Indicators as a %.

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45.02 Share of financial contribution received for Germany, the United Kingdom and France in FP5, FP6, FP7 and H2020 (%) 1

  
Germany
France
United Kingdom
 
 

1 For year 2016 of H2020, the available data cover only the results of calls for proposals from January to August.

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45.03a Germany, France and the United Kingdom in H2020 1 - Share of participations by priorities (%)


Germany
France
United Kingdom
 
 

1 Only funding allocated by call for proposals.

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45.03b Germany, France and the United Kingdom in H2020 1 - Share of subsidies by priorities (%)


Germany
France
United Kingdom
 
 

1 Only funding allocated by call for proposals.

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45.04 France's main partner countries in H2020 (% of projects involving a French partner)


Germany
United Kingdom
Italy
Spain
 
 

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45.05 The top 10 beneficiary countries of H2020 1

 
Share of participations in H2020 (%) Share of contributions in H2020 (%) National contributions to the EU budget (2014-2016) (%) Return rate 2
Germany 12.8 16.0 21.4 0.75
United Kingdom 12.9 15.2 12.2 1.25
France 9.0 10.6 15.9 0.67
Spain 10.2 9.1 8.0 1.13
Italy 9.5 8.4 11.7 0.71
Netherlands 6.3 7.7 5.6 1.38
Belgium 4.5 4.8 3.9 1.23
Sweden 3.1 3.5 3.2 1.08
Austria 2.8 2.8 2.2 1.26
Denmark 2.4 2.6 2.0 1.27
 

1 The top 10 countries received 81% of the contributions allocated under the Horizon 2020 framework.
2 For each €1 of contribution to the EU budget, France receives €0.67 in return under the Horizon 2020 framework.

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Other editions

Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 9th edition - November 2016
46 - France in the European Research Area via its participation in H2020 - Zoé Friant & Frédéric Laurent
In 18 months, France has received €1.2bn for its participation in the Horizon 2020 European Framework Programme for Research and Innovation. With 11.1% of subsidies allocated, France is the 3rd largest beneficiary of European allocations for research. Its participation appears to have consolidated in comparison to its performances during the last year of the previous programme [Consult the following page]
Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 8th edition - November 2015
45 - France's position in the 7th RTD Framework Programme (FP7) - Zoé Friant & Frédéric Laurent
By receiving 11.5% of the contributions allocated by the European Union through FP7, France is the third-biggest beneficiary after Germany and the United Kingdom. Nuclear research, space and aeronautics are France's highest performing areas. However, its position is being eroded, especially due to the weak engagement of French researchers [Consult the following page]

Translation

 Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheL'état de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche en France n°10 - Avril 2017
45 - la France dans l'espace européen de la recherche via sa participation à Horizon 2020 - Zoé Friant & Frédéric Laurent
Entre janvier 2014 et septembre 2016, la France a perçu 2,1 Md€ au titre de ses participations au programme-cadre européen Horizon 2020 (H2020) en faveur de la recherche et de l’innovation. Avec 10,6 % des subventions allouées, la France est le 3e bénéficiaire des crédits européens en faveur de la recherche [Consult the following page in french]


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