Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

📄 Source:MENESR-DGRH.

 Coverage:Whole of France - public sector.

The appointment of new teacher-researchers takes place in two stages: qualification, to establish the quality of their scientific expertise and ability to carry out the functions of teacher-researcher, and recruitment, which entitles the successful applicant to perform these functions in a higher education institution. The results of the qualification and recruitment stages are analysed from data produced by the ANTARES, ANTEE and FIDIS applications. This national application brings together data on the procedures linked with these operations and the people involved and, thus provides all the necessary information for an in-depth study of each annual recruitment campaign. Data analysed here relate to 2013.

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06 qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers

This page has been updated. Read 06. qualification and recruitment of teachers-researchers in Higher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017

In 2014, 1,919 teacher-researchers were recruited into the corps of professors and lecturers. Around 44% of these became qualified during the 2014 session, in other words immediately prior to this recruiting campaign. The proportion of teacher-researchers who are foreign nationals stayed constant at around 17% for lecturers. Endo-recruitment accounts for 22% of lecturers and 58% of professors.

Qualification for the position of University Professor or Lecturer is a pre-condition when applying for the competitive recruitment exam to become a teacher-researcher. Once qualification is awarded by the National Universities Council (CNU), it is valid for 4 years. In 2014, the qualification session organised by the Ministry received 21,803 applications, with one person being allowed to submit several requests for qualification under different disciplines (which are in fact submitted to different discipline-related sections of the CNU) or to each of the two teacher-researcher bodies. In 2014, members of the CNU examined 17,362 separate applications in all and approved 11,095 qualifications for 8,290 different individuals, i.e. 62.9% of the 13,180 candidates (chart 06.01).

Only a fraction of these newly qualified people put themselves forward for the competitive examination to recruit teacher-researchers: in 2014, 50% of qualified professors and more than 39% of qualified lecturers did not take the exam in the year following their qualification. They can take it during later recruitment campaigns according to the vacancies available or they can use this qualification in other ways for the purposes of their professional career.

2,358 vacant positions ware available on 1st September 2014, nearly 250 fewer than the previous recruiting campaign, were published in the Official Journal, in order to recruit lecturers and professors for higher education institutions. Between 2011 and 2014, the number of posts offered to professors and lecturers fell by 30.4% and 27.4% respectively, which represents a 28.6% reduction overall in the number of jobs available (chart 06.02).

These posts can be filled, in the first instance, by secondment or transfers. Secondment is rarely used: 4 lecturers and 6 professors, or 0.4% of the posts offered. Transfers, which were already low, fell by 15.3% in 2014, representing 12.5% of the posts filled.

On the basis of 2,072 jobs remaining to be filled after transfer, secondment, higher education agrégations, and specific recruitment processes, 1,919 of these positions were filled through the competitive exam, or 92.6%. Of the 593 university professors recruited, 90.5% came from the body of lecturers (chart 06.03). The average age of the university professors recruited was 44 years and 8 months, and for the lecturers, 33 years and 10 months. (chart 06.03).

Women represented 41% of the total (36% of professors and 43% of lecturers).

Concerning the background of the new lecturers, 12.1% were came from posts as Temporary research and teaching assistant (ATER), coordinators or readers and 34.1% worked in research outside higher education (chart 06.04).

The legislation concerning the appointment of tenured teacher-researchers allows for the recruitment of foreign nationals. In 2014, 7.6% of lecturers appointed were from another European Union country, 8.9% were from the rest of the world. The international attractivness of France and the general trend towards a growing globalisation of teacher-researcher recruitment can be clearly seen from this increase in the share of foreign teacher-researchers. While the numbers of teacher-researchers increased by around 60% between 1992 and 2013, the proportion of foreign nationals increased by 255% over the same period (chart 06.05).

Internal recruitment (Endo-recruitment) remained stable compared with 2009, but was more pronounced for professors than for lecturers. In 2014, 76% of lecturers and 57% of professors arrived from a different institution than the one to which they were appointed.

📄 Source:MENESR-DGRH.
 Coverage:Whole of France - public sector.

How to cite this paper :

BIDEAULT Marc. Qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers. In: Higher education & research in France, facts and figures - 50 indicators [online]. KABLA-LANGLOIS Isabelle (dir.). Paris: Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, 2016. 9th ed. Chapter 06 [Accessed 06/24/2019]. ISBN 978-2-11-151572-7. https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/9EN/EESR9EN_ES_06-qualification_and_recruitment_of_teacher_researchers.php

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The appointment of new teacher-researchers takes place in two stages: qualification, to establish the quality of their scientific expertise and ability to carry out the functions of teacher-researcher, and recruitment, which entitles the successful applicant to perform these functions in a higher education institution. The results of the qualification and recruitment stages are analysed from data produced by the ANTARES, ANTEE and FIDIS applications. This national application brings together data on the procedures linked with these operations and the people involved and, thus provides all the necessary information for an in-depth study of each annual recruitment campaign. Data analysed here relate to 2013.

 

Key figures


Number of applications for qualification
21,803
 applications for qualification
2014
Whole of France
 
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Extract from the chapter "06. qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers".

Source: MENESR-DGRH
Number of candidates for qualification
13,180
 candidates
2014
Whole of France
 
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Extract from the chapter "06. qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers".

Source: MENESR-DGRH
Number of qualifications approved
11,095
 qualifications
2014
Whole of France
 
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Extract from the chapter "06. qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers".

Source: MENESR-DGRH
Number of people qualified
8,290
 qualified persons
2014
Whole of France
 
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Extract from the chapter "06. qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers".

Source: MENESR-DGRH
  See more key figures  
Number of university professors hired via a recruitment competition
662
 university professors
2014
Whole of France
 
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Extract from the chapter "06. qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers".

Source: MENESR-DGRH
Number of senior lecturers hired via a recruitment competition
1,257
 lecturers
2014
Whole of France
 
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Extract from the chapter "06. qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers".

Source: MENESR-DGRH
Share of foreign teacher-researchers
10.0%
 
2014
Whole of France
 
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Extract from the chapter "06. qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers".

Source: MENESR-DGRH

06.01 Qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers - Review of qualification in 2014

Applications for qualification
Applicants for qualification (one person may submit several applications)
Applications reviewed
Qualifications approved
Individuals qualified
 
 
📄 Source:MENESR-DGRH
 Coverage: Whole of France.

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06.02 Recruitment of university professors - Campaigns 2005 to 2014 - Filling of vacant positions

2005
 
2007
2009
2011
2013
 
 
2006
2008
2010
2012
 
2014
  
Recruitment by admission examination
Other type of recruitment
Not filled
 
 
📄 Source:MENESR-DGRH
 Coverage: Whole of France.

You can embed this chart to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

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06.03 Recruitment of lecturers - Campaigns 2005 to 2014 - Filling of vacant positions

2005
 
2007
2009
2011
2013
 
 
2006
2008
2010
2012
 
2014
  
Recruitment by admission examination
Other type of recruitment
Not filled
 
 
📄 Source:MENESR-DGRH
 Coverage: Whole of France.

You can embed this chart to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

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06.04 Distribution of university professors and lecturers recruited in 2014 by category of previous activity (%)

University professors
Lecturers
  
Lecturers
Research activity (director or fellow, post-doc, private research)
Other activities (private sector, self-employed professional, no profession)
Teachers under responsibility of MENESR (secondary, associate teachers)
Temporary assistants, coordinators, readers and other non-permanent teachers who are not civil servants
Non-tenured higher education teacher, not a civil servant (excluding Temporary assistants)
Tenured teachers (excluding Temporary Assistants)
 
 

1 Only appointments made further to the synchronised recruitment campaign (excluding appointments made as part of continuous recruitment process).

📄 Source:MENESR-DGRH
 Coverage: Whole of France.

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06.05 Trend in proportion of foreign nationals among tenured teacher-researchers from 1992 to 2014 (%) 1

Proportion of foreign nationals teacher-researchers
 
 

1 excluding medical and dentistry disciplines and specific groups.

📄 Source:MENESR-DGRH
 Coverage: Whole of France.

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Other editions

Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017
06 - qualification and recruitment of teachers-researchers - Anne-Sophie Beaurenaut
In 2015, 10,56 qualifications were issued for 8,243 individuals. 2,037 teachers-researchers were recruited into the corps of university professors and lecturers. Around 44% of lecturers recruited became qualified during the 2015 session and 46% of professors. The proportion of foreign nationals recruited as lecturers remained stable at about 15%. Endo-recruitment accounted for 20% of lecturers and 44% of university professors [Consult the following page]
Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 8th edition - November 2015
06 - qualification and recruitment of teacher-researchers - Marc Bideault
In 2013, 2,099 teacher-researchers were recruited into the corps of professors and lecturers. About 44% of these became qualified during the 2013 session, in other words immediately prior to this recruiting campaign. The proportion of teacher-researchers who are foreign nationals increases on a regular basis and currently stands at 17% for lecturers. Endo-recruitment accounts for 22% of lecturers and 55% of university professors [Consult the following page]

Translation

 Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheL'état de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche en France n°9 - Juin 2016
06 - qualification et recrutement des enseignants-chercheurs - Marc Bideault
En 2014, 1 919 enseignants-chercheurs ont été recrutés dans les corps de professeurs des universités et de maîtres de conférences. Environ 44 % d’entre eux ont obtenu leur qualification lors de la campagne 2014, soit immédiatement avant ces opérations de recrutement. La part des enseignants-chercheurs étrangers recrutés reste constante avec environ 17 % pour les maîtres de conférences. L’endo-recrutement représente 22 % chez les maîtres de conférences et 58 % chez les professeurs des universités [Consult the following page in french]


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