Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

Indicators are calculated from the PATSTAT database maintained by the EPO, enhanced by data from the OECD's REGPAT database. The indicators refer to the publication date of US patent applications by USPTO. Publication of a granted patent can often be five years after the application is filed.

Patent counting is based on the address of the inventor (where the research was carried out) and not that of the applicants (where the body filing the application has its headquarters). When the patent has a single inventor (for example, a French person), then one point is awarded to France. However, if the patent is co-authored by two inventors from two different countries, then half a point is awarded to each country. This type of fractional calculation measures a country's contribution to worldwide production. The indicators are calculated year-on-year over three years; 2012 is therefore the average value over 2010, 2011 and 2012.

A country's world share of US patents is the ratio between the number of patents from the country and the total number of patents.

A country's specialisation index is the ratio between the country's world share in a specific field and the country's world share in all fields combined.

A country's share of patents involving a foreign applicant is the ratio between the number of the country's patents where the applicant is located abroad and the total number of patents for the country, using a full count (if the patent application has an inventor from the country, a full point is awarded to the country).

The share of international co-invention patents is the ratio between the number of the country's patents that are co-invented with at least one participant located abroad and the total number of patents by the country, using a full count.

Quick access

Share


 
 
 
 

For a better experience of this site, take the time to update your browser.
 

49 technological production by France measured by patents with the United States Patent and Trademark Office

This page has been updated. Read 50. technological production by France measured by patents with the United States Patent and Trademark Office in Higher education & research in France, facts and figures 9th edition - November 2016

In 2012, France was ranked 7th in the world in the United States patent system, with 2.1% of patents granted. Its main specialisations are in the sub-fields of "Organic fine chemistry", "Engines, pumps, turbines" and "Materials, metallurgy". All fields combined, France's world share has increased 3% since 2007. During this period, the share of US patents by France involving international collaboration has increased by 10%.

A patent for an invention is a title that gives its holder an exclusive right to exploit the invention for a certain time and in a limited territory. The rights associated with filing a patent are related to the countries covered by the office where the holder made the request. Due to the size of its market, the US patent system is particularly attractive for applicants. In 2012, the world share of US patents granted to French participants was 2.1%. This share was 2.9% in 1994. Until 2006, it declined steadily then stabilised. The reason for this decline is partly the dynamism of new countries in technological production, which has also resulted in a considerable increase in the total number of patents in the US system.

In 2012, in the US patent system France specialised in the fields of Chemistry (specialisation index 1.59) and Mechanical engineering (index 1.40). It is under-specialised in the field of Electronics and electricity (chart 49.01). Between 2007 and 2012, France strengthened its specialisation in the fields of Mechanical engineering and Instruments, by 14% and 11% respectively.

In 2012, in the 35 technological sub-fields, France represented between 3.9% and 5.4% of US patents in 'Organic fine chemistry', 'Engines, pumps, turbines', 'Materials, metallurgy', 'Pharmaceuticals' and 'Transport' (table 49.02). Between 2007 and 2012, France strengthened its specialisation in its top ten sub-fields in the US patent system, with the exception notably of 'Organic fine chemistry' and 'Macromolecular chemistry' (-20% and -7% respectively).

The share of patents granted that involve a foreign applicant is measured from the share of US patents invented in France where the applicants are located outside France. In 2012, all fields combined, 41.8% of patents granted involved an applicant located abroad (chart 49.03). This share was significantly lower in Mechanical engineering and significantly higher in Chemistry. Between 2007 and 2012, all fields combined, this share increased by 12% and in particular by 36% in Chemistry and 38% in Other fields, which includes Other consumer goods and Civil engineering.

In 2012, the United States and Japan were the top countries by their share of US granted patents (chart 49.04). Germany, in 3rd place, was the top European country. South Korea and Taiwan were ranked 4th and 5th. Next came Canada, France, the United Kingdom and China. Between 2007 and 2012, there was a significant increase in the world share of US patents granted to South Korea (+52%), China (+180%) and also to India (+93%) although their shares of patents were limited. At the same time there was a drop in the share of US patents from Germany (-8%), the United States (-6%), the United Kingdom (-5%), and also Japan (-4%).

In 2012, 26.2% of US patents from France were co-invented with a foreign partner (chart 49.05). The share of patents produced by international co-invention was similar in Canada and significantly higher in the United Kingdom and China, but less than 10% for Taiwan, the United States, South Korea and Japan. Between 2007 and 2012, the share of US patents produced by international co-invention increased by at least 10% for the top ten producing countries (+10% for France), with the exception of Israel and South Korea (both +6%) and China (-13%).

, &

How to cite this paper :

LAVILLE Françoise, ROTH Chris, TAILLIBERT Marie-Laure. Technological production by France measured by patents with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. In: Higher education & research in France, facts and figures - 49 indicators [online]. KABLA-LANGLOIS Isabelle (dir.). Paris: Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, 2015. 8th ed. Chapter 49, 108-109 [Accessed 04/24/2019]. ISBN 978-2-11-139433-9. https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/EESR8EN_R_49-technological_production_by_france_measured_by_patents_with_the_united_states_patent_and_trademark_office-ILL_05.php

close

Cite :   Share:          

Indicators are calculated from the PATSTAT database maintained by the EPO, enhanced by data from the OECD's REGPAT database. The indicators refer to the publication date of US patent applications by USPTO. Publication of a granted patent can often be five years after the application is filed.

Patent counting is based on the address of the inventor (where the research was carried out) and not that of the applicants (where the body filing the application has its headquarters). When the patent has a single inventor (for example, a French person), then one point is awarded to France. However, if the patent is co-authored by two inventors from two different countries, then half a point is awarded to each country. This type of fractional calculation measures a country's contribution to worldwide production. The indicators are calculated year-on-year over three years; 2012 is therefore the average value over 2010, 2011 and 2012.

A country's world share of US patents is the ratio between the number of patents from the country and the total number of patents.

A country's specialisation index is the ratio between the country's world share in a specific field and the country's world share in all fields combined.

A country's share of patents involving a foreign applicant is the ratio between the number of the country's patents where the applicant is located abroad and the total number of patents for the country, using a full count (if the patent application has an inventor from the country, a full point is awarded to the country).

The share of international co-invention patents is the ratio between the number of the country's patents that are co-invented with at least one participant located abroad and the total number of patents by the country, using a full count.

 

Key figures


France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office
2.1%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-998-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
Extract from the chapter "49. technological production by France measured by patents with the United States Patent and Trademark Office".

Coverage: all fields combined
Source: EPO (Patstat) & OECD (Regpat)
France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office in Organic fine chemistry
5.5%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-999-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office_in_organic_fine_chemistry.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office in Engines, pumps, turbines
4.1%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1000-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office_in_engines_pumps_turbines.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office in Materials, metallurgy
4.1%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1001-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office_in_materials_metallurgy.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
  See more key figures  
France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office in Pharmaceuticals
4%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1002-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office_in_pharmaceuticals.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office in Transport
3.9%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1003-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office_in_transport.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office in Macromolecular chemistry
3%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1004-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office_in_macromolecular_chemistry.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office in Microstructural and Nanotechnology
3%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1005-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office_in_microstructural_and_nanotechnology.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
  See more key figures  
France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office in Basic chemistry
2.9%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1006-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office_in_basic_chemistry.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office in Mechanical components
2.9%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1007-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office_in_mechanical_components.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>
France's world share of patents granted by the US Patent Office in Tooling
2.8%
 
2012
 
See:   Embed:    Share:    
You can embeded this tile to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:
<iframe src='https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/CC-1008-france_s_world_share_of_patents_granted_by_the_us_patent_office_in_tooling.php' width='100%' height='155 px' frameborder='0' id='GC' scrolling='no' style='min-width:240px; max-width:490px'></iframe>

49.01 US patents filed: specialisation index by technical field for France (2002, 2007 and 2012)


2002
2007
2012
 
 

You can embed this chart to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/illustration-EESR8EN_R_49-0-us_patents_filed_specialisation_index_by_technical_field_for_france_2002_2007_and_2012.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR8EN_R_49-0" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

close

Download:     Embed: <\>   Share:            

49.02 US patents granted: specialisation index and world share for the top ten sub-fields of specialisation for France (2007, 2012 and change from 2007 to 2012)

 
Specialisation index World share 2012
(%)
2007 2012 Change 2012/2007
(%)
Organic fine chemistry 3.32 2.66 -20 5.5
Engines, pumps, turbines 1.34 1.99 +49 4.1
Materials, metallurgy 1.76 1.97 +12 4.1
Pharmaceuticals 1.97 1.94 -2 4.0
Transport 1.59 1.89 +19 3.9
Macromolecular chemistry 1.57 1.45 -7 3.0
Micro-structural and nano-technology 1.03 1.44 +40 3.0
Basic materials chemistry 1.41 1.41 0 2.9
Mechanical elements 1.29 1.38 +7 2.9
Machine tools 1.37 1.34 -2 2.8
All fields 1.00 1.00 - 2.1

 

You can embed this table to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/illustration-EESR8EN_R_49-1-us_patents_granted_specialisation_index_and_world_share_for_the_top_ten_sub_fields_of_specialisation_for_france_2007_2012_and_change_from_2007_to_2012.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR8EN_R_49-1" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

close

Download:     Embed: <\>   Share:            

49.03 US patents granted: share of patents granted involving a foreign applicant, by technical field, for France (2007 and 2012) (%)

Electronics-electricity
Instruments
Chemistry
Mechanical engineering
Other fields
All fields
  
2007
2012
 
 

You can embed this chart to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/illustration-EESR8EN_R_49-2-us_patents_granted_share_of_patents_granted_involving_a_foreign_applicant_by_technical_field_for_france_2007_and_2012.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR8EN_R_49-2" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

close

Download:     Embed: <\>   Share:            

49.04 US patents granted: world share, all technical fields combined, for the top producing countries (2012, change from 2007 to 2012) (%) 1

  
North America
Asia
Europe
France
Oceania
 
 

1 Only countries whose world share of US patents granted is greater than or equal to 0.5% are shown.

 

You can embed this chart to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/illustration-EESR8EN_R_49-3-us_patents_granted_world_share_all_technical_fields_combined_for_the_top_producing_countries_2012_change_from_2007_to_2012_1.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR8EN_R_49-3" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

close

Download:     Embed: <\>   Share:            

49.05 US patents granted: share of patents involving international co-invention, all technological fields combined, for the top ten patent producing countries (2002, 2007 and 2012) (%)

US
 
DE
TW
FR
CN
 
 
JP
KR
CA
GB
 
IL
  
2002
2007
2012
 
 

You can embed this chart to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

<iframe src="https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/8EN/illustration-EESR8EN_R_49-4-us_patents_granted_share_of_patents_involving_international_co_invention_all_technological_fields_combined_for_the_top_ten_patent_producing_countries_2002_2007_and_2012.php" width="500px" height="700px" frameborder="0" id="EESR8EN_R_49-4" scrolling="auto"></iframe>

close

Download:     Embed: <\>   Share:            

Other editions

Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 9th edition - November 2016
50 - technological production by France measured by patents with the United States Patent and Trademark Office - Tessa Enock Levi, Françoise Laville, Chris Roth & Marie-Laure Taillibert
In 2013, France was ranked 7th in the world in the United States patent system, with 2.1% of patents granted. Its main specialisations are in the sub-fields of 'Organic fine chemistry', 'Transport' and 'Pharmaceuticals'. All fields combined, France's world share has increased by 6% since 2008. During this period, the share of US patents by France involving international collaboration has increased by 11% [Consult the following page]

Translation

 Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheL'état de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche en France n°8 - juin 2015
49 - la production technologique de la France mesurée par les brevets de l'Office américain des brevets - Françoise Laville, Chris Roth & Marie-Laure Taillibert
En 2012, la France est au 7e rang mondial dans le système américain de brevets avec 2,1 % des brevets délivrés. Elle est notamment spécialisée dans les sous-domaines « Chimie organique fine », « Moteurs, pompes, turbines » et « Matériaux, métallurgie ». Tous domaines confondus, la part mondiale de la France augmente de 3 % depuis 2007. Pendant cette période, la part des brevets américains de la France impliquant une collaboration internationale a progressé de 10 % [Consult the following page in french]


Quick access

Share