Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

📄 Source:MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES.

 Coverage:Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

The results presented here come from the sixth survey on occupational integration of university graduates, carried out by the French Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Research (MENESR) and the French public universities in mainland France and the overseas departments (with the exception of Paris-Dauphine).

This survey was carried out in December 2014 on 100,000 young people who had obtained a Master's degree, vocational Bachelor's degree or DUT in 2012, i.e. 30 months after leaving university. For the first time, the 2014 survey included questions on the situation compared to employment 18 months after graduating.

The information was collected by the universities as part of a charter aiming to guarantee comparability of results between institutions. The Ministry was responsible for coordinating the work and using the survey data.

The scope of interrogation covers graduates of French nationality, who have left initial education and have not continued or resumed their studies within two years of graduating. The graduates meeting these conditions represent respectively 38%, 50%, 42% and 10% of all LMD Master's, Master of Education, vocational Bachelor's and DUT graduates.

The information collected on pay relates to the net monthly salary, bonuses included. The salaries shown correspond to the median values for full-time employment.

The results obtained by this source are not directly comparable to those obtained by the Céreq Generation 2010 survey, as the population was not the same in terms of nationality or date of graduation.

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23 occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)

This page has been updated. Read 22. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP) in Higher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017

Around 9 out of 10 students who graduated with Master's degrees, vocational Bachelor's degrees (LP) and University technology diplomas (DUT) in 2012 were in employment in December 2014, some 30 months after leaving university. After 18 months, the integration process was already well advanced. Over 85% of LMD Master's graduates were in employment. However, the employment conditions differ according to the subject studied.

The sixth national survey on occupational integration of university graduates includes, for the first time, employment indicators 18 months after graduating, with an employment rate 1 of over 80%. Slight differences appear according to the qualification, with 82% in DUT, 85% in LMD Master's degrees, 89% in vocational Bachelor's degrees (LP) (chart 23.01a).

Compared to the previous year, occupational integration 30 months after graduating is still almost as high. The employment rate for LMD Master's and DUT graduates fell slightly (less than 1 point), to reach 89% and 88% respectively, but the figure for vocational Bachelor's degree and Master of Education's graduates remains stable (92% and 97% respectively).

A large majority of graduates in employment have a stable job 2 30 months after leaving university, with however significant differences depending on the qualification: 79% for vocational Bachelor's degree graduates, 73% for Master's graduates and 64% for DUT graduates (chart 23.02a). For all qualifications, the jobs occupied are very largely full-time (over 90%). The jobs obtained are of a good level: 85% managers or intermediate professions for Master's graduates, 68% for vocational Bachelor's degree graduates and 58% for DUT graduates.

The median net monthly salary of graduates in full-time employment increased from 5% to 10% between 18 and 30 months after graduation (table 23.03). At 30 months, it reached €1,900 for Master's graduates. Salaries are much lower for vocational Bachelor's degree graduates (€1,600) and DUT graduates (€1,500). All are stable compared to the salaries of 2011 graduates.

Six out of ten Master's graduates work in a private company, two in the public sector and one in an association (chart 23.04a and chart 23.04b). The share of recruitment in private companies has increased, after falling for several years.

'Master of Education' courses designed to prepare students for the competitive entrance examinations for entering the teaching profession have very specific occupational integration, with an employment rate of 97% after 18 months. Their employment conditions do not change much between 18 and 30 months. They mainly work in the public sector (92%) and their salaries are lower than for other Master's graduates.

For the same qualification, the employment rate varies slightly per discipline. In particular, for LMD Master's graduates, Law, Economics and Management (LEM) graduates are more likely to be in employment 18 months after graduating than Human and Social Sciences (HSS) graduates. These differences persist one year later, with a 30-month employment rate of 90% for LEM and Science, Technology and Health (STH) graduates, compared to 86% for HSS and Humanities, Languages and Arts (HLA) (chart 23.01b).

Furthermore, as in previous years, LEM and STH graduates in employment enjoy more favourable employment conditions than HSS and HLA graduates. They often obtain more stable, full-time contracts, and their net median monthly salaries are 25% higher. The share of full-time employment is even lower if the discipline is dominated by women. Nine out of ten STH graduates obtain managerial or intermediate profession jobs compared to 72% to 83% for the other disciplines. The larger share of public or charity sector jobs obtained by HSS and HLA graduates partly explains these pay differences (chart 23.02b).

 Coverage:Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

1 Number of graduates in employment out of all graduates present in the job market.
2 In employment on a permanent contract, as a civil servant or a self-employed worker.

How to cite this paper :

ERB Louis-Alexandre. Occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP). In: Higher education & research in France, facts and figures - 50 indicators [online]. KABLA-LANGLOIS Isabelle (dir.). Paris: Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, 2016. 9th ed. Chapter 23 [Accessed 05/23/2019]. ISBN 978-2-11-151572-7. https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/9EN/EESR9EN_ES_23-occupational_integration_of_university_graduates_master_s_dut_lp.php

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The results presented here come from the sixth survey on occupational integration of university graduates, carried out by the French Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Research (MENESR) and the French public universities in mainland France and the overseas departments (with the exception of Paris-Dauphine).

This survey was carried out in December 2014 on 100,000 young people who had obtained a Master's degree, vocational Bachelor's degree or DUT in 2012, i.e. 30 months after leaving university. For the first time, the 2014 survey included questions on the situation compared to employment 18 months after graduating.

The information was collected by the universities as part of a charter aiming to guarantee comparability of results between institutions. The Ministry was responsible for coordinating the work and using the survey data.

The scope of interrogation covers graduates of French nationality, who have left initial education and have not continued or resumed their studies within two years of graduating. The graduates meeting these conditions represent respectively 38%, 50%, 42% and 10% of all LMD Master's, Master of Education, vocational Bachelor's and DUT graduates.

The information collected on pay relates to the net monthly salary, bonuses included. The salaries shown correspond to the median values for full-time employment.

The results obtained by this source are not directly comparable to those obtained by the Céreq Generation 2010 survey, as the population was not the same in terms of nationality or date of graduation.

 

Key figures


Rate of occupational integration of University technology diploma (DUT) graduates
88%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Rate of occupational integration of Vocational bachelor's degree graduates
92%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Rate of occupational integration of Master's degree graduates
89%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Rate of occupational integration of Master's in teaching graduates
97%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
  See more key figures  
Share of jobs at manager or intermediate occupation level for University technology diploma (DUT) graduates
58%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of jobs at manager or intermediate occupation level for Vocational bachelor's degree graduates
68%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of jobs at manager or intermediate occupation level for Master's degree graduates
85%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of jobs at manager or intermediate occupation level for Master's in teaching graduates
91%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
  See more key figures  
Share of stable jobs for University technology diploma (DUT) graduates
64%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of stable jobs for Vocational bachelor's degree graduates
79%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of stable jobs for Master's degree graduates
73%
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Median net monthly wage for full-time jobs of University technology diploma (DUT) graduates
1,500 
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
  See more key figures  
Median net monthly wage for full-time jobs of Vocational bachelor's degree graduates
1,600 
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Median net monthly wage for full-time jobs of Master's degree graduates
1,900 
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Median net monthly wage for full-time jobs of Masters in teaching graduates
1,710 
 
2012 graduates
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "23. occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)".

Coverage: 30 months after obtaining their diploma
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES

23.01a Occupational integration at 18 and 30 months of 2012 University technology diploma (DUT), vocational Bachelor's and Master's graduates (in %)

DUT
Vocational Bachelor's degree
Teaching Master's
Subject Master's (excluding Master of Education, all disciplines)
  
Employment rate 18 months after graduating
Employment rate 30 months after graduating
 
 
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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23.01b Occupational integration at 18 and 30 months of 2012 Master's graduates (excluding Teaching Master's) by discipline (in %)

Subject Master's (excluding teaching, all disciplines)
Law, Economics and Management (LEM)
Humanities, Languages and Arts (HLA)
Human and Social Sciences (HSS)
Science, Technology and Health (STH)
  
Employment rate 18 months after graduating
Employment rate 30 months after graduating
 
 
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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23.02a Employment conditions of 2012 University technology diploma (DUT), vocational Bachelor's and Master's degree graduates, 30 months after graduating (in %)

Proportion of graduates in stable employment (as a %)
Proportion of graduates in full-time posts (as a %)
Proportion of graduates working as managers or technicians and associated professionals (as a %)
  
DUT
Vocational Bachelor's degree
Master of Education
Subject Master's (excluding Master of Education, all disciplines)
 
 
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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23.02b Employment conditions of 2012 Master's graduates (excluding Teaching Master's) 30 months after graduating (in %)

Proportion of graduates in stable employment (as a %)
Proportion of graduates in full-time posts (as a %)
Proportion of graduates working as managers or technicians and associated professionals (as a %)
  
Subject Master's (excluding Master of Education, all disciplines)
Law, Economics and Management (LEM)
Humanities, Languages and Arts (HLA)
Human and Social Sciences (HSS)
Science, Technology and Health (STH)
 
 
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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23.03 Net monthly median salary at 18 and 30 months for 2012 Master's vocational Bachelor's and DUT graduates in full-time employment (in €)

 
Net median monthly salary (in €)
at18 months at 30 months
DUT 1,400 1,500
Vocational Bachelor's degree 1,500 1,600
Master of education 1,700 1,710
Subject Master's (excluding Master of education, all disciplines) 1,790 1,900
Law, Economics and Management (LEM) 1,820 2,000
Humanities, Languages and Arts (HLA) 1,540 1,640
Human and Social Sciences (HSS) 1,600 1,690
Science, Technology and Health (STH) 1,900 2,000

 
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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23.04a Breakdown per type of employer of 2012 DUT, vocational Bachelor's and Master's degree graduates in employment 30 months after graduating (as a %)

DUT
Vocational Bachelor's degree
Master of Education
Subject Master's (excluding Master of Education, all disciplines)
  
Civil service
State-owned enterprise
Private enterprise
Association
Other
 
 
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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23.04b Breakdown per type of employer of 2012 Master's graduates (excluding Master of Education) in employment 30 months after graduating (in %)

Subject Master's (excluding Master of Education, all disciplines)
Law, Economics and Management (LEM)
Humanities, Languages and Arts (HLA)
Human and Social Sciences (HSS)
Science, Technology and Health (STH)
  
Civil service
State-owned enterprise
Private enterprise
Association
Other
 
 
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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Related statistical publications

 Note d'information SIES 16.06 - Male/female inequalities in professional integration of Masters graduates - Louis-Alexandre Erb - September 2016
On leaving university, there are more female than male Masters graduates. The professional integration rate, 30 months after graduating, is similar between men and women. However, women experience less favourable employment conditions than their male counterparts.

These differences are primarily due to the subject of the Master’s degree. In disciplines in which the number of women is the highest, opportunities in the employment market are less favourable. However, in disciplines with fewer women, professional inequalities are significant. In addition, regardless of the discipline, career paths diverge, with more women in employment in the non-profit and public sectors, where pay is usually lower and contracts less stable.

For a given discipline, type of employer and sector of activity, inequalities persist, above all with regard to pay, in which the residual difference is the largest, representing two-thirds of the differences noted.
 Note flash - Enseignement supérieur & Recherche 06 - Despite the crisis, university graduates are rapidly integrating the labour market - Louis-Alexandre Erb - December 2015
18 months after graduating, the occupational integration of university graduates is already well advanced: depending on the degree obtained, 82% to 97% of graduates are in employment. This integration rate continues during the second year, with an improvement in working conditions (type of contract, pay, etc.). The data come from a system of annual surveys on the occupational integration of Master's, vocational Bachelor's and University technology diploma (DUT) university graduates, coordinated by the Ministry of National Education, Higher Education and Research (MENESR) and administered by the universities.


Other editions

Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017
22 - occupational integration of university graduates (Master's, DUT, LP)
Around 9 out of 10 students who graduated with Master's degrees, vocational Bachelor's degrees (LP) and University technology diplomas (DUT) in 2013 were in employment in December 2014, some 30 months after leaving university. After 18 months, the integration process was already well advanced. Over 85% of LMD Master's graduates were in employment. However, the employment conditions differ according to the subject studied [Consult the following page]
Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 8th edition - November 2015
21 - occupational integration of university graduates - Isabelle Maetz
Around 9 out of 10 students who graduated with Master's degrees, LPs and DUTs in 2011 were in employment in December 2013, some 30 months after entering working life. 90% of the positions held were full-time posts. The median net monthly wage for full-time positions was €1,910 for Master's graduates. This outcome was accompanied by a slight increase in the number of students continuing their studies after passing their degree [Consult the following page]

Translation

 Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheL'état de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche en France n°9 - Juin 2016
23 - l'insertion professionnelle des diplômés de l'université (Master, DUT, LP) - Louis-Alexandre Erb
Environ 9 diplômés sur 10 des promotions 2012 de Master, Licence professionnelle et DUT sont en emploi en décembre 2014, quelque 30 mois après leur sortie de l’université. A 18 mois, le processus d’insertion est déjà bien avancé. L’insertion dépasse 85 % pour les diplômés de Master LMD. Toutefois, les conditions d’emploi sont différenciées selon les disciplines de formation [Consult the following page in french]


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