Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

📄 Sources:MENESR-DGESIP
MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
MENESR-DEPP.

 Coverage:Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

The MENESR survey on students with disabilities collects data on students in each higher education institution under its responsibility who are declared disabled pursuant to the Law of 11 February 2005 on equality of rights and opportunities, participation and citizenship of people with a disability,, and who make themselves known to the disability services. For each student, the survey collects data anonymously on the nature of the disability or impairment, the adjustment measures put in place to provide support with their studies along with age, gender, subject area and study programme. The survey of PhD students takes into account students who are monitored by the student disability services, but is not able to obtain data on those who are monitored by the department responsible for staff.

The survey of the schooling of students with disabilities in secondary education, carried out by the Directorate for Evaluation, Forward Studies and Performance (DEPP) and the Directorate-General for School Education (DGESCO) is able to monitor the population of students with disabilities in classes preparing for admission to Grandes Ecoles (CPGE) and the Advanced technician's sections (STS) in public and private high schools. This annual survey provides the numbers of pupils who are enrolled in school with their own tailor-made schooling programme (PPS), and their disability is assessed by the Departmental centre for the disabled (MDPH).

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25 students with disabilities in higher education

This page has been updated. Read 14. students with disabilities in higher education in Higher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017

At the start of the 2014-2015 academic year, there were 20,549 students in public higher education, i.e. 1.17% of the student population, who declared a disability and were provided with support of some kind. 91.5% of them were enrolled at university, where their numbers have tripled since 2005. They receive more and more different types of support which are now better known and which mean that students are not excluded from the general trend of longer studies. They are mostly enrolled on Bachelor's degree programmes, but their presence on Master's courses has significantly increased in recent years.

At the start of the 2014-15 academic year, there were 20,549 students who declared a disability in higher education courses in public and private high schools under contract and in public higher education institutions under the responsibility of the French Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Research (MENESR). Of these, 90% were enrolled in universities (table 25.01) and received disability support or care. Numbers had increased 14% per year, on average, since 2005 (chart 25.02). The main reasons for this increase were the general trend towards longer studies, more customised care, diversification and a better awareness of the support systems available.

Since the start of the 2006-2007 academic year, in accordance with the provisions of Article L. 123-4-2 of the Education Code, higher education institutions were made responsible for putting in place all the necessary support for students with disabilities to ensure that they can succeed in their studies and their professional integration: human and technical aids to help with learning, adjustments to courses and conditions for sitting exams.

Better access to higher education, more types of support and better awareness account for the increase in the number of students with disabilities taking a Bachelor's degree (table 25.05). Any obstacles to entering higher education have therefore been considerably reduced since the Law of 11 February 2005 came into force. However, in universities, the distribution of students with disabilities is not the same as for students as a whole (chart 25.03). They are concentrated for the most part on Bachelor's degree programmes and they become fewer in number as the university course progresses. However, a reduction in the difference to the breakdown of the total population has been noted for several years.

In these institutions, students with disabilities are more likely to enrol in technological university institutes (IUT) and in Arts, Languages and Humanities. They are less likely to enrol in the Law, Economics, Management and Healthcare study tracks (chart 25.04). These gaps have tended to close over the years, but nevertheless there is a link between the nature of the disability and the subject areas. Thus in Arts, Languages and Humanities, students with language impairments are under-represented, while those with mental health disabilities are over-represented. However, the distribution of students with mobility or visual impairments according to subject area is similar to that of the general population.

To help compensate for their disabilities, especially when taking exams, and to ensure that things run smoothly throughout their course of study, specific help is provided for these students. 69% have a support plan drawn up to monitor their studies, which can include personal assistance (note-taker, interpreter, encoder, or other form of support) or technical support in having their course specially adjusted. In addition, 79% receive support during examinations (table 25.05), with special adjustments being put in place (specifically adapted assistance, documents in Braille, French sign language interpreter, cued speech encoder, extra time).

 Coverage:Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

How to cite this paper :

CORRE Fabienne. Students with disabilities in higher education. In: Higher education & research in France, facts and figures - 50 indicators [online]. KABLA-LANGLOIS Isabelle (dir.). Paris: Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, 2016. 9th ed. Chapter 25 [Accessed 03/26/2019]. ISBN 978-2-11-151572-7. https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/9EN/EESR9EN_ES_25-students_with_disabilities_in_higher_education.php

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The MENESR survey on students with disabilities collects data on students in each higher education institution under its responsibility who are declared disabled pursuant to the Law of 11 February 2005 on equality of rights and opportunities, participation and citizenship of people with a disability,, and who make themselves known to the disability services. For each student, the survey collects data anonymously on the nature of the disability or impairment, the adjustment measures put in place to provide support with their studies along with age, gender, subject area and study programme. The survey of PhD students takes into account students who are monitored by the student disability services, but is not able to obtain data on those who are monitored by the department responsible for staff.

The survey of the schooling of students with disabilities in secondary education, carried out by the Directorate for Evaluation, Forward Studies and Performance (DEPP) and the Directorate-General for School Education (DGESCO) is able to monitor the population of students with disabilities in classes preparing for admission to Grandes Ecoles (CPGE) and the Advanced technician's sections (STS) in public and private high schools. This annual survey provides the numbers of pupils who are enrolled in school with their own tailor-made schooling programme (PPS), and their disability is assessed by the Departmental centre for the disabled (MDPH).

 

Key figures


Number of disabled students in higher education institutions and courses
20,549
 students
2014-15
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "25. students with disabilities in higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP
Share of disabled students enrolling for a university Bachelor's degree
76.1%
 
2014-15
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "25. students with disabilities in higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP
Share of disabled students enrolling for a university Master's degree
23.0%
 
2014-15
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "25. students with disabilities in higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP
Share of disabled students enrolling for a university PhD
0.9%
 
2014-15
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "25. students with disabilities in higher education".

Source: MENESR-DGESIP

25.01 Number of students with disabilities in higher education instututions and courses in 2014-15

 
Numbers Distribution (%)
CPGE and STS 1 949 4.6
Universities (excluding engineering courses) 2 18,794 91.5
Public engineering schools (including engineering courses at university) 3 757 3.7
Other institutions 4 49 0.2
Total 20,549 100.0
 

1 Public institutions or private institutions under contract.
2 74 responses out of 76.
3 65 responses out of 87.
4 Including Normal high schools (Écoles normales supérieures) and major institutions (excluding engineering schools). 4 responses out of 14.

📄 Source:MENESR-DGESIP
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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25.02 Change in the number of students with disabilities enrolled at university 1

Number of students with disabilities
 
 

1 74 responses out of 76.

📄 Source:MENESR-DGESIP
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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25.03 Change in the distribution of students with disabilities in universities by study cycle

2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15
  
Bachelor's degree 1
Master's degree
PhD
 
 

74 responses out of 76 (excluding the University of Artois and the University of Bretagne Sud).
1 Including vocational Bachelor's degrees, without DUT.

📄 Source:MENESR-DGESIP
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

You can embed this chart to your website or your blog by copying the HTML code and pasting it into the source code of your website / blog:

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25.04 Distribution by subject area and course of students with disabilities enrolled in universities (2014-15) (excluding Research supervision accreditation, %)

Arts, Languages and Humanities
Law, Economics, Management, Economic and Social Administration
Sciences
Physical education, sports sciences and techniques
IUT
Paramedical
Healthcare
  
Students with disabilities
All students
 
 

36.2% of students with disabilities are taking a course in Arts and Humanities compared to 28.9% of all students in 2014-15.

 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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25.05 Alternative arrangements to provide support during examinations for students with disabilities in 2014-15

 
Number of students receiving support Proportion of students with disabilities receiving support (%)
Extra time 13,610 69.4
Separate room 2,139 10.9
Adapted teaching material 2,546 13.0
Secretarial support 1,513 7.7
Break time 1,621 8.3
Adapted documents 1,051 5.4
Adjusted exam papers 1,065 5.4
Sign language interpreters, cued speech coders, other communication aids 152 0.8

 
📄 Source:MENESR-DGESIP
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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Other editions

Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017
14 - students with disabilities in higher education - Fabienne Corre
At the start of the 2015-16 academic year, there were 23,257 students in public higher education institutions, i.e. 1.22% of the student population, who declared a disability. These numbers have tripled since 2005. 91% of these students with disabilities were enrolled at university and 71% of them were provided with some kind of support. There is more extensive, varied and better-known support than in the past, which means that these students are not excluded from the general trend of longer studies. Although their progress in their chosen paths differs from that of the population, it has been improving very significantly for several years [Consult the following page]
Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 8th edition - November 2015
24 - students with disabilities in higher education - Fabienne Corre
At the start of the 2013-2014 academic year, there were 18,200 students in public universities, STSs and CPGEs who declared a disability and were provided with support of some kind. The vast majority (90%) were enrolled at university. Their numbers had doubled in 5 years. They receive more and more different types of support which are now better known and which enable students not to be set apart from the general trend of longer studies. Nevertheless, they are enrolled for the most part in the Bachelor's degree programmes and their presence declines throughout the course [Consult the following page]

Translation

 Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheL'état de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche en France n°9 - Juin 2016
25 - les étudiants handicapés dans l’enseignement supérieur - Fabienne Corre
À la rentrée 2014, 20 549 étudiants des établissements d’enseignement supérieur publics se déclarent handicapés, soit 1,17 % de la population étudiante, et bénéficient d’un accompagnement. 91,5 % d’entre eux sont inscrits à l’université où leur effectif a triplé depuis 2005. Ils bénéficient d’aides plus nombreuses, diverses et mieux connues qui leur permettent de ne pas rester à l’écart du mouvement général d’allongement des études. Ils se concentrent en Licence mais leur présence en Master progresse significativement depuis plusieurs années [Consult the following page in french]


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