Cover of higher education & research in France, facts and figures

📄 Source:MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES.

 Coverage:Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

The data from table 10.01 and chart 10.02 relate to enrolments of new Bac holders in higher education, just after receiving their Baccalaureate. As one student may enrol on several courses, the access rates per course cannot be added together (total higher than 100%). "Dual CPGE-university enrolments" represent the majority of dual enrolments.

From 2014, and by backcasting to 2008, these rates take account of enrolments by vocational Bac holders enrolled at STS as apprentices, but not other enrolments as an apprentice, on a vocational training contract or higher education abroad.

Students at university education and research centres (CUFR) and similar establishments can be added to the numbers at university: the 2 National Polytechnical Institutes (INP), the 3 Technology Universities (UT) and the following major institutions (Observatoire, Inalco, IEP Paris (Institute of political studies), Paris-Dauphine, Globe de Paris physics institute, University of Lorraine).

"Other courses" includes engineering schools and engineering courses in non-university partnerships, higher education institutions not attached to universities (business, management, sales, accounts, notaries, architecture, diverse specialisms), major institutions, art schools, private faculties, paramedical schools (data 2013-14) and social work training (data 2013-14).

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10 access to higher education

This page has been updated. Read 10. access to higher education in Higher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017

Around 75% of Baccalaureate holders in 2014 immediately enrolled in higher education. Nearly two-thirds of general Bac holders enrolled at university, 7 points less than in 2000 but 2.7 points more than in 2012. Around one in two technological Bac holders enrolled on a short vocational course. More and more of those with a vocational Baccalaureate, whose numbers have increased substantially since the reform of the vocational path, enrolled in higher education.

Out of the 625,650 young people awarded the general, technological or vocational Baccalaureate in 2014, in mainland France and the overseas departments, 74.5% enrolled in higher education the following autumn (excluding work-study programmes, but including vocational Bac holders on an apprenticeship in Advanced technician's sections (STS)) (table 10.01). The significant increase in the number of vocational Bac holders in the 2014 session (+19.8%), who are less likely than other Bac holders to continue in higher education, has automatically led to a drop in the average enrolment rate (2.6 points less than in 2013). Although the proportion of vocational Bac holders who immediately enter higher education has increased for 13 years, it is now 35.2%, much lower than for other Bac holders. Nearly all general Bac holders immediately access higher education. 75.5% of technological Bac holders enter higher education after leaving school.

University is still the route taken by most general Bac holders. Despite a two-year increase, universities are attracting fewer students than 14 years ago. 65.8% of general Bac holders enrolled in university in 2014, compared to 73.0% in 2000 (see methodology) (chart 10.02). In autumn 2014, 18.1% of general Bac holders chose short vocational courses (IUT, STS) (stable compared to 2013). 13.1% of general Bac holders entered preparatory classes for admission to Grandes Ecoles (CPGE) (a rise of 0.6 points). Series S Bac holders were noticeable for the diversity of their choices. 64.9% of them enrolled on a university course (11.6% in IUT), 18.7% enrolled in preparatory classes and 12.2% on other training courses, in particular preparatory cycles for admission to engineering school.

Over a third of technological Bac holders moved into the STS branch, the most popular of all higher education courses for these students. This proportion has however decreased since the introduction of preferential student guidance that give priority to vocational bac holders to access to this route. Two years earlier, it was over 40%. By contrast, the proportion of technological Bac holders entering IUTs has increased since the introduction of the preferential guidance, and is now 11.4% (+0.4% compared to 2013), but is still moderate compared to those enrolling in an STS or other university courses. In effect, 20.5% of technological Bac holders enrol on long university courses (+1.1 points).

Over one quarter of vocational Bac holders (26.2%) enter STS, representing three quarters of those enrolled in higher education. 8.4% go to university, a rate that has been stable for 3 years. 2014 was marked by the completion of the vocational Bac reform and a significant increase in the number of vocational Bac holders. Their continuation rate in STS and other sectors fell (-3 points compared to 2013) although the number of these students in higher education was up on the previous year.

 Coverage:Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

How to cite this paper :

FAUVET Laurent. Access to higher education. In: Higher education & research in France, facts and figures - 50 indicators [online]. KABLA-LANGLOIS Isabelle (dir.). Paris: Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, 2016. 9th ed. Chapter 10 [Accessed 07/22/2019]. ISBN 978-2-11-151572-7. https://publication.enseignementsup-recherche.gouv.fr/eesr/9EN/EESR9EN_ES_10-access_to_higher_education-ILL_01.php

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The data from table 10.01 and chart 10.02 relate to enrolments of new Bac holders in higher education, just after receiving their Baccalaureate. As one student may enrol on several courses, the access rates per course cannot be added together (total higher than 100%). "Dual CPGE-university enrolments" represent the majority of dual enrolments.

From 2014, and by backcasting to 2008, these rates take account of enrolments by vocational Bac holders enrolled at STS as apprentices, but not other enrolments as an apprentice, on a vocational training contract or higher education abroad.

Students at university education and research centres (CUFR) and similar establishments can be added to the numbers at university: the 2 National Polytechnical Institutes (INP), the 3 Technology Universities (UT) and the following major institutions (Observatoire, Inalco, IEP Paris (Institute of political studies), Paris-Dauphine, Globe de Paris physics institute, University of Lorraine).

"Other courses" includes engineering schools and engineering courses in non-university partnerships, higher education institutions not attached to universities (business, management, sales, accounts, notaries, architecture, diverse specialisms), major institutions, art schools, private faculties, paramedical schools (data 2013-14) and social work training (data 2013-14).

 

Key figures


Share of technological baccalauréat holders from the 2014 session enrolling in Technological university institutes (IUT)
11.4%
 
2014
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "10. access to higher education".

Coverage: excluding alternance programme
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of technological baccalauréat holders from the 2013 session enrolling in Advanced technician's sections (STS)
36.6%
 
2014
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "10. access to higher education".

Coverage: excluding alternance programme
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of general baccalauréat holders from the 2013 session enrolling at university
65.8%
 
2014
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "10. access to higher education".

Coverage: excluding alternance programme
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Share of general baccalauréat holders from the 2013 session enrolling in classes preparing for admission to Grandes Écoles (CPGE)
13.1%
 
2014
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "10. access to higher education".

Coverage: excluding alternance programme
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
  See more key figures  
Share of technological baccalauréat holders from the 2013 session enrolling in classes preparing for admission to Grandes Écoles (CPGE)
1.8%
 
2014
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "10. access to higher education".

Coverage: excluding alternance programme
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES
Rate of immediate enrolment by baccalauréat holders from the 2013 session
74.5%
 
2014-15
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "10. access to higher education".

Coverage: excluding alternance programme
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES, MAAF, SAFRAN
Share of baccalauréat holders from 2013 enrolling in higher education immediately after passing the exam
74.5%
 
2014
Metropolitan France + overseas departments
 
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Extract from the chapter "10. access to higher education".

Coverage: excluding alternance programme
Source: MENESR-DGESIP/DGRI-SIES

10.01 Change in enrolment rates in higher education 1 (%)

 
2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
General Bac
University 73.0 71.7 69.3 66.3 64.6 64.6 65.5 64.6 64.1 65.2 65.8
of which DUT 11.2 10.4 10.5 10.7 11.0 10.8 10.7 10.7 10.6 10.2 10.1
CPGE 12.6 13.3 13.2 13.3 13.8 13.3 13.2 13.2 13.0 12.5 13.1
STS 9.0 7.7 7.8 8.3 8.9 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.6 8.1 8.0
Other courses 9.1 11.1 10.8 11.4 12.3 12.2 12.3 12.3 12.5 12.2 11.7
of which Science Bac
University 71.7 70.9 68.5 66.2 63.6 63.6 64.5 63.8 63.2 64.7 64.9
of which DUT 14.6 13.2 12.9 13.1 13.0 12.7 12.5 12.5 12.4 11.8 11.6
CPGE 19.1 20.0 19.2 20.0 20.1 19.5 19.3 19.3 19.1 18.1 18.7
STS 7.0 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.5 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.5 6.0 5.8
Other courses 10.1 11.4 10.7 11.8 12.8 12.5 12.6 12.7 13.3 12.9 12.2
Technological Bac
University 28.2 28.5 27.3 25.3 25.5 28.1 28.5 28.2 28.3 30.8 31.9
of which DUT 9.1 10.4 9.9 9.5 9.8 10.1 9.9 9.6 9.6 11.0 11.4
CPGE 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.8
STS 44.5 44.0 42.5 42.3 43.1 44.0 42.7 42.0 40.8 36.2 36.6
Other courses 3.9 5.0 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.6 5.4 5.1
of which STI2D Bac 2
University 23.5 26.7 25.8 23.2 23.7 25.5 26.2 26.7 26.7 36.7 37.0
of which DUT 16.2 18.5 17.9 16.5 17.5 17.9 17.6 17.7 17.2 24.4 24.0
CPGE 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.7 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.8 4.1
STS 60.5 59.8 57.9 56.3 58.9 59.3 56.6 55.6 51.8 44.7 41.2
Other courses 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.8 4.1 3.7 4.0 4.7 5.6 5.2
General and technological combined
University 56.9 56.9 55.3 52.9 51.9 53.1 53.5 53.2 53.4 55.2 55.7
of which DUT 10.5 10.4 10.3 10.4 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.4 10.5
CPGE 8.4 9.1 9.2 9.4 9.7 9.6 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.4 9.7
STS 21.8 20.1 19.3 19.4 20.1 19.9 19.8 19.1 18.3 16.2 16.5
Other courses 7.2 9.0 8.9 9.4 10.1 10.1 10.0 10.1 10.4 10.3 9.7
Vocational Bac
University 6.9 6.7 6.5 5.7 5.4 7.7 7.7 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.4
of which DUT 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.6
CPGE 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
STS [3] 9.7 15.7 15.5 15.6 24.8 24.4 25.8 24.1 24.9 29.2 26.2
Other courses 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5
All Bacs
University 47.9 47.8 45.9 43.4 42.6 43.0 43.3 41.1 39.4 42.6 41.3
of which DUT 8.7 8.7 8.4 8.4 8.6 8.4 8.3 7.7 7.3 7.8 7.5
CPGE 6.9 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.8 7.5 7.3 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.8
STS 19.6 19.3 18.6 18.7 21.2 21.1 21.3 20.8 20.6 20.0 19.5
Other courses 6.0 7.5 7.3 7.6 8.2 8.0 7.9 7.5 7.4 7.6 7.0
 

1 See definitions opposite.
2 formerly STI.

 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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10.02 Rate of immediate enrolment by 2014 baccalauréat holders in the different higher education study tracks (%)

All combined
General Bac
of which Science bac
Technological Bac
of which Bac STI2D
Vocational Bac
  
University excluding IUT
Of which IUT
CPGE
STS
Other courses
 
 
 Coverage: Metropolitan France + overseas departments (DOM).

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Related statistical publication

 Note flash - Enseignement supérieur & Recherche 04 - Students in Advanced technician's sections in 2015-2016 - Mathias Denjean - April 2016
At the start of the 2015-16 academic year, the number of students enrolling in Advanced technician's sections (STS) was slightly up, and now exceeds 256,000 students in initial education (excluding apprenticeships). Institutions under the authority of the Ministry of National Education, Higher Education and Research (MENESR) account for 90% of students on these programmes. The majority of new entrants to these sections hold technological baccalauréats.

Other editions

Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 10th edition - June 2017
10 - access to higher education - Aline Pauron
70.1% of general baccalauréat holders enrolled at university, i.e. three points less than in 2000. More than one in two technological baccalauréat holders enrolled in a short vocational course (STS or IUT). STS were the preferred course for vocational baccalauréat holders, as 27.8% enrolled in them, i.e. 2.4 points more than in 2014. This year saw a marked rise in dual CPGE-university enrolments. Comparisons could therefore not be made between 2015 and previous years in terms of university entrance [Consult the following page]
Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheHigher education & research in France, facts and figures 8th edition - November 2015
09 - access to higher education - Laurent Fauvet & Sylvaine Péan
About 75% of baccalauréat holders from 2013 enrolled immediately in a higher education course (excluding work study programmes). More than half of those with a general baccalauréat enrolled at university but their numbers were down almost 7 percentage points compared with 2000. Almost one in two holders of a technological baccalauréat enrolled in a short vocational course. More and more of those with a vocational baccalauréat, whose numbers have increased substantially with the reform of the professional path, enrolled in higher education [Consult the following page]

Translation

 Etat de l'enseignement supérieur et de la rechercheL'état de l'Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche en France n°9 - Juin 2016
10 - l’accès à l’enseignement supérieur - Laurent Fauvet
Environ 75 % des bacheliers 2014 s'inscrivent immédiatement dans l'enseignement supérieur. Près des deux-tiers des bacheliers généraux s'inscrivent à l'université, soit 7 points de moins qu'en 2000 mais 2,7 points de plus qu’en 2012. Près d'un bachelier technologique sur deux s'inscrit dans une filière professionnelle courte. Les bacheliers professionnels, dont les effectifs ont considérablement augmenté avec la réforme de la voie professionnelle, sont tendanciellement plus nombreux à s'inscrire dans l'enseignement supérieur [Consult the following page in french]


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