One in fifteen students in metropolitan France and the overseas departments follows an artistic, cultural or communication course, making a total of 155,000 students in 2009. Most are enrolled in artistic or cultural courses (113,000). A wide range of these courses exist, with students being mainly women. They are more often offered in private education institutions than other higher education courses, and they are also heavily concentrated in Paris. The university's contribution to this sector has diminished over the last ten years. The Bachelor's degree and PhD are better represented than in other university courses. Courses in communication are flourishing, and are essentially to be found in universities (79.6%). The vast majority of students are women.