En 2015, selon les données provisoires, les dépenses intérieures de recherche et développement des entreprises implantées en France (DIRDE) s’établissent à 31,8 milliards d’euros (Md€). Corrigée de l’évolution des prix, la DIRDE poursuit sa tendance à la hausse (+1,5 % en 2015) sur un rythme proche des deux années précédentes (+1,2 % en 2014, +1,0 % en 2013 et +2,9 % en 2012).
In 2014, according to the provisional data, gross domestic expenditure on research and development by business enterprises established in France (BERD) amounted to €31.5 billion. When corrected by inflation, BERD was particularly dynamic, with an increase of 2.3% in one year. It increased at a faster rate than in 2013 when it experienced a slowdown (+1.4% in 2013 after +2.9% in 2012 and +4.1% in 2011). Against a background of virtual stability in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), business research effort, which is the ratio of GERD to GDP, increased again to reach 1.48% in 2014, compared to 1.45% in 2013.
According to provisional data, in 2013 intramural business enterprise R&D expenditure (BERD) by firms established in France stood at €30.9 billion. When corrected for price variations, BERD remained buoyant, rising 1.9% in one year. This progress was nevertheless slow in comparison to previous years (+2.9% in 2012, +4.1% in 2011 and +2.8% in 2010). The research effort of business enterprises, which is the ratio of BERD to gross domestic product (GDP), increased to reach 1.46% in 2013, after 1.44% in 2012.