This publication presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes. Wherever the data permit, an international comparison is provided. A double page is devoted to each of the 51 themes, including a summary of the latest available data along with graphs, tables and comments.
Between 2012 and 2014, 48% of companies in the non-farm market sectors with 10 employees or more introduced innovations. More were innovative in marketing or in organisation (38%) than in products or processes (31%). One in eight companies introduced new products that did not already exist on the market.
Information-communication companies were particularly innovative (71%) and also those in industry (59%). The propensity to innovate was greater according to the size of the companies and whether they belonged to a group. In addition, exporting companies were more innovative than the others.
More than a third of companies with innovative products or processes received government financial support, mainly via research tax credit and other fiscal or social exemptions.
Almost half of all innovative companies generate environmental benefits, at company or end-user level.
More than 90% of companies that did not innovate between 2012 and 2014 did not need to do so. Some were also hampered by uncertain demand or a financial obstacle.
For a comparable scope in the 2012 and 2014 surveys, the share of innovative companies increased. This rise was driven by technological innovations.