Cette publication constitue un état des lieux annuel et chiffré du système français, de ses évolutions, des moyens qu’il met en œuvre et de ses résultats, en le situant, chaque fois que les données le permettent, au niveau international. Chacune des 53 fiches présente au moyen de graphiques, de tableaux et de commentaires, les dernières données de synthèse disponibles sur chaque sujet.
L’État de l’emploi scientifique 2018 correspond à une publication statistique biennale. Elle rassemble des études et statistiques permettant d'éclairer les différents domaines d'activité des personnels qui relèvent de l'emploi scientifique en France. Il couvre à la fois la recherche menée dans les organismes et les établissements d'enseignement supérieur et celle réalisée en entreprise.
In 2012-2013, in the OECD zone, around 3 million students were in education outside their country of origin. For the first time, international mobility was estimated for all the countries in this zone. France is the fourth largest host country, with 230,000 international students, behind the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia. Chinese students represent a quarter of international students in the OECD, with half the total number coming from Asia.
France is notable for the high proportion of international students from Africa (41%).
The proportion of international students increases with the level of study, ranging from 5% on short courses to one-quarter on PhD programmes.
In France, 40% of PhD students are international students.
At the same time, around 72,000 French students are in education in another OECD country, 65% in a neighbouring country. France is the fifth largest country in terms of student mobility, behind China, India, Germany and South Korea.
Higher Education and Research, Facts and Figures presents an annual overview, backed up by figures, of developments within the French system, its resources and outcomes. Wherever the data permit, an international comparison is provided. A double page is devoted to each of the 47 themes, including a summary of the latest available data along with graphs, tables and comments.
In 2007-2008, 3.3 million students were following a course outside their country of origin, and of these, 2.7 million were in an OECD country. Their numbers have quadrupled in thirty years and their countries of destination are more and more varied. France is the third most popular destination for these students, jointly with Germany. In the OECD zone, almost half of foreign students are from Asia and 18% are Chinese. The origins of foreign students vary from one country to another, but they are linked with geographical, historical, economic and linguistic factors. The share of foreign students increases with the level of study, with about 6% for short vocational courses and 21% for PhD programmes. Lastly, a little over 62,000 French students are studying abroad; for the most part, they choose a neighbouring country.